Andy Warhol Chronology
1970 - 1974
Andy Warhol gets a video camera. Billy Name departs. Edie Sedgwick is admitted into a mental hospital. Jackie Curtis does Organism. Brigid Berlin records the Velvet Underground at Max's Kansas City. L'Amour is filmed in Paris. Joe Dallesandro, Jr. is born. Ronald Tavel sues Andy Warhol. Andy Warhol starts a video department. Edie Sedgwick has shock treatments, Trash premieres in Germany. Holly Woodlawn is shot for Women in Revolt. Andy Warhol shoots Sticky Fingers cover. Andy Warhol's Pork opens. Junkies invade the Factory. Valerie Solanas is released. Edie Sedgwick dies. Jackie Curtis is banned from the Factory. Halston meets Victor Hugo. Fran Lebowitz is hired for Interview. Women in Revolt opens. Andy Warhol takes drugs in Mexico. Andrea Feldman commits suicide. Lou Reed writes a musical. Holly Woodlawn is arrested (three times). Andy Warhol's mother dies. Andy Warhol is admitted to hospital. Rosemary Kent is hired and fired. Joe Dallesandro finds his mother. Lou Reed is arrested. Andy Warhol buys a new house. Candy Darling dies. The third Factory (office). Paul Morrissey produces Man on the Moon.
EARLY 1970: ANDY WARHOL GETS A VIDEO CAMERA.
1970: ULTRA VIOLET APPEARS IN THE PHYNXS.
ULTRA VIOLET made a cameo appearance in the non-Warhol film The Phynxs - a youth culture film about a U.S. rock group touring the Soviet Union who get involved in espionage - with songs by Leiber/Stoller. Other cameos included Joan Blondell, Martha Raye, Johnny Weismuller and Colonel Sanders. (www.filmthreat.com/Features.asp?Id=358)
1970: CANDY DARLING AND JACKIE CURTIS AUDITION FOR NO NO NANETTE.
CANDY DARLING, JACKIE CURTIS and PAUL AMBROSE auditioned in drag for the Broadway musical revival of No, No, Nanette but none of them made the cast. (JCC)
SPRING 1970: BILLY NAME DEPARTS.
BILLY NAME (born Billy Linich) walked out of the darkroom where he had been living as a recluse at the Factory, leaving a note for Andy Warhol saying: Andy - I am not here anymore but I am fine. (LD328/FM411)
MARCH 1970: PRODUCTION BEGINS ON WOMEN IN REVOLT.
SUMMER 1970: EDIE SEDGWICK IN COTTAGE HOSPITAL (AGAIN)
David Weisman (Co-Director, with John Palmer, of Ciao! Manhattan):
"Edie was back in Cottage Hospital the summer of 1970 when I made my first attempt to recontact her and finish Ciao! Manhattan... She finally got authorization from Dr. Mercer to finish Ciao! She was very anxious to complete it. So she got a little apartment on West Padre Street, a block from the hospital and a block from Dr. Mercer. Two professional nurses, Sherry and Maxie, were lined up by the Sedgwick family to keep an eye on her along with John and Janet Palmer, while we got everything ready to start on her film." (EDIE388-9)
SUMMER 1970: JOHNNY LEAVES HOLLY.
Johnny, Holly Woodlawn's boyfriend who played the student in TRASH left Holly after an emotional outburst by her, clouded by the excess of alcohol and drugs."
Holly accused Johnny of "being attractive to other people." During her tirade, she smashed a coffee cup against the brick wall of their tenement apartment (on 3rd Street and Second Avenue) and (being left handed) slashed her right thigh with it, leaving a permanent scar. When Johnny ran out of the apartment and into a cab, Woodlawn rushed after him in her bare feet, screaming please dont leave me and ended up in the emergency ward where she was stitched up like a rag doll, full of stuffing and nothing else. Johnny moved back to Atlanta. He was sixteen years old and Holly, a world-weary twenty-four." (HW155)
SUMMER 1970: JACKIE CURTIS IS SHOT FOR ORGANISM.
Dusan Makavejev filmed Jackie Curtis for the non-Warhol movie, WR: Mysteries of the Organism. (LT43)
JUNE 24 - AUG. 28, 1970: THE VELVET UNDERGROUND PLAY MAX'S.
The Velvet Underground were the first live band to play Max's Kansas City. They performed at Max's to promote the LOADED album. BRIGID BERLIN (POLK) recorded the last night on her Sony TC120 cassette recorder and the recording was later released by Atlantic as Live at Max's Kansas City. (UT187/193)
JULY 4, 1970: JANE FORTH APPEARS IN LIFE MAGAZINE.
The four page colour spread with photos by Jack Mitchell was titled "Just Plain Jane" and described Forth as "a new now face in the awesom tradition of Twiggy and Penelope Tree." It also noted that she had just turned seventeen and "claims no special talents."
Life magazine, July 4, 1970, pp. 54-57
SEPT. 1970: L'AMOUR IS FILMED IN PARIS (LD339)
NOVEMBER 10, 1970: PAUL MORRISSEY FIRES GERARD MALANGA.
When Gerard Malanga rang the Factory after returning to New York from a trip abroad, Paul Morrissey told him that "the college film-rental project that he [Malanga] had been running had been discontinued because Morrissey wanted to get the early Warhol films out of circulation." (LD340)
NOV. 14, 1970: JOE DALLESANDRO JR. IS BORN.
Joe Dallesandro and his wife, Terry, gave birth to a second child, Joe Jr.
WINTER 1970: GEORGE CUKOR CAMPAIGNS FOR HOLLY WOODLAWN.
Holly received a telegram addressed to her at Maxs from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences informing her that George Cukor had started a campaign to get the Academy to nominate her for an Academy Award for TRASH, supported by petitions whose signatories included Ben Gazarra and Joanne Woodward. (HW159)
1970: HOLLY WOODLAWN MEETS ASHA.
At Maxs, HOLLY WOODLAWN met ASHA, a wealthy socialite who had achieved fame as a film actress in India where she starred in numerous ISMAIL MERCHANT films. Asha left India to pursue a jazz-singing career in the Big Apple.
1970: HOLLY WOODLAWN MAKES BAD MARION.
Holly Woodlawn moved in with Asha and they ended up appearing together in Bad Marions Last Year, a film by heiress MARION FORBES.
In the film, Holly and Asha came from out of the sea naked, slipped on two full length fur coats lying on the beach and hitchhiked into town. It ends with Marion, playing the lead role as the wealthy young snippet taunted by Holly and Asha, kicking up her heels from an overdose and catching a ride on the next wind to heaven. The film was shown at the Guggenheim Museum in New York and was forgotten soon after. (HW178)
1971: RONALD TAVEL SUES ANDY WARHOL FOR FILM ROYALTIES.
Andy Warhol was defended by the same lawyers used by "Princess Radziwill". Warhol offered Tavel a painting or a thousand dollars and even suggested they go to Hollywood and make a movie. Tavel rejected the offer and later dropped the lawsuit because of the stress of the legal hearings. (LD355)
1971: ANDY WARHOL STARTS A VIDEO DEPARTMENT.
Andy bought some video equipment and put VINCENT FREMONT and MICHAEL NETTER in charge of the video department. Their video projects eventually include PHONEY, NOTHING SERIOUS and FIGHT.
1971: ANDY WARHOL PAINTS MORE PORTRAIT COMMISSIONS.
A portrait cost $25,000, with additional canvases of the same image in different colours initially costing $5,000 each, which, over the years, rose to $20,000. (BC89)
Bob Colacello on Andy Warhol's commissioned portraits:
"His portraits transformed aging socialites into Venus de Milos, and their industrialist husbands into Florentine Davids - or at least, into Hollywood facsimiles thereof... I saw him working on a portrait... He was crouched on the floor over a forty-by-forty inch negative - the standard portrait-size blowup of the negative of the Polaroid that every portrait started with. The negative would then be converted into a silkscreen, which was then used to print the image onto the final portrait canvas... various steps of the process were done by hands other than Andy's. But only Andy, in all the years I knew him, worked on the negatives... What Andy did to the negative was more like plastic surgery... He simply took scissors and snipped out double chins, bumps in noses, bags under eyes...
'God, I said, as I watched him attack a whole neck and scissor away seventy years of wrinkles, is that how you do it?'" (BC89)
JAN. 17 - JUNE 4, 1971: EDIE SEDGWICK HAS SHOCK TREATMENTS (AGAIN)
According to Michael Post, Edie "was in the clinic from January 17 to June 4, 1971. She had shock treatments - I don't know how many - maybe twenty or more. Dr. Mercer told me that she'd had some shock treatments in the East. He authorized the new ones because he thought Edie could be close to suicidal. Really an ugly scene..." (EDIE398)
FEB. 19, 1971: TRASH PREMIERES IN GERMANY.
ANDY WARHOL and entourage (including Jane Forth) attended the grand premiere of TRASH in Munich, Germany. Trash became the second highest grossing film that year in Germany - after Easy Rider.
Andy Warhol's entourage had begun their German tour two days prior in Cologne, after a stop-over in London for a Warhol retrospective opening at the Tate Gallery. After Munich they visit Frankfurt, Berlin, Munich (again), London (again), and then back to New York. (BC49)
While in Frankfurt, JED JOHNSON and FRED HUGHES searched for Art Deco pieces in antique shops which Andy had started collecting as 'props' for the Paul Morrissey/Warhol film, L'AMOUR - at least Andy would list them as 'props' on his tax returns. (BC51)
SPRING 1971: HOLLY WOODLAWN IS FILMED FOR WOMEN IN REVOLT.
According to her biography, Holly Woodlawn shot her first scene for WOMEN IN REVOLT in a "swank" upper east side apartment in Spring 1971.
However, according to Village Voice film critic, Jim Hoberman, production on Women in Revolt began as early as March 1970 and an announcement appeared in the July 29, 1970 issue of Variety magazine that the film was "already in the can." (There are signed releases in existence for both Holly and supporting actress, Penny Arcade, dating from 1970.)
PAUL MORRISSEY directed the film. Morrissey did not receive a salary for his Warhol films, instead receiving 50% of the profits.
According to an interview Holly later gave to Patrick Smith, the only film work she did between TRASH and WOMEN IN REVOLT was a small scene for a non-Warhol film titled Is There Sex after Death? which starred RICHARD PRYOR. Is There Sex After Death was released in 1971 although the actual dates it was filmed are unknown.
SPRING 1971: ANDY WARHOL SHOOTS SOME CROTCHES FOR STICKY FINGERS.
Warhol did the photographs for the design of the ROLLING STONES' Sticky Fingers album. Warhol never told anyone whose crotch he used on the cover, but he shot the crotches of GLENN O'BRIEN, JAY JOHNSON (Warhol boyfriend Jed's twin brother) and Jay's best friend COREY TIPPIN, who would also do the make-up on L'AMOUR. When the album came out, Glenn was convinced that his crotch was on the inside of the cover and Jay's on the outside. (BC57)
According to Warholstars site user, Stylissmo, the model for both the inside and outside of the Rolling Stones cover, was Corey Tippin.
"Jay Johnson famously has only one testicle, Jed wasn't built like that... Corey Tippin, a factory kid, star of L'Amour sometime model and makeup artist - was well known for his endowment... and was also known - along with his friend, the illustrator Antonio Lopes, for 'showing basket' - a real 70's kind of gay display that involved bulging crotches in tight jeans. Attendees at the Sticky Fingers release party mention that of the aforementioned possible models for the cover - only Corey Tippin was at the party. At any rate all this has been told to me in various pieces by Jay Johnson, Corey Tippin, Jane Forth, Parul Caranicas (director of Antonio's estate) and other characters who are still friends and living in and around New York."
MAY, 5 1971: PORK OPENS.
Andy Warhol's play, PORK , directed by Anthony Ingrassia, opened at La Mama and ran for two weeks. (DB312/MA)
Pork was based on tape-recorded telephone conversations between Andy Warhol and Brigid Berlin about her family's private life. Her mother Honey Berlin, a Fifth Avenue socialite who included the Duke of Windsor amongst her close friends, was livid when she found out about the play by reading a review of it in the New York Times. Brigid angrily called Andy and told him, "You're nothing but a fucking faggot! You don't care about anyone but yourself! And your goddamn fucking fame! And your fucking Factory! And your fucking money!" (BC66)
Pork also played in London at the Roundhouse from August 2 - August 28th. Promotional material for the play warned "Mature Adults Only!" (AWMU184) It starred Jayne County as "Vulva," and Cherry Vanilla as "Pork."
Although some Warhol books have said that DAVID BOWIE was inspired to write the song Andy Warhol Superstar after seeing Pork, the song was actually written prior to Bowie seeing the play.
MAY 26 1971: VAIN VICTORY OPENS
Jackie Curtis, Holly Woodlawn and Holly's friend, Estelle, appeared in the play Vain Victory: The Vicissitudes of the Damned at the La Mama Theater in the East Village.
The production was directed by Jackie Curtis and Dennis Spallina, with music composed by LOU REED. Candy Darling, who played a mermaid in a wheelchair, dropped out of the play and Holly Woodlawn took her place.
But honey, the real show was in the dressing room. Estelle would be carrying on with a vodka bottle in her hand while Jackie and I shot up in the corner, rehearsing over a bottle of Southern Comfort..." (HW198)
Other cast members included: Paul Ambrose, Eric Emerson, Agosto Machado, Styles Caldwell, Ondine, Dorrian Gray, Clarice Rivers and Mario Montez. (JCC)
1971: JUNKIES INVADE THE FACTORY.
One friday afternoon in 1971, two junkies arrived at the front desk on a of the Union Square factory, pointed pistols at VINCENT FREMONT and demanded money and to see Andy Warhol. Andy had already retreated into the editing room with JED JOHNSON and JOE DALLESANDRO who followed him. FRED HUGHES gave the junkies a hundred dollar bill, and PAUL MORRISSEY handed over the same amount. JOE DALLESANDRO's wife, TERRY was visiting the Factory with their baby girl. One of the thieves grabbed the baby and the other grabbed Terry, saying that they were going to kill the kid unless Andy came out. JOE DALLESANDRO appeared and calmly announced that the police have already been called from the editing room telephone. The thieves drop the baby and rush out. (BC72)
1971: HOLLY DOES SCARECROW.
ISMAIL MERCHANT offered HOLLY WOODLAWN a three-thousand dollar role in his film 'Tacky Women' (later retitled 'Savages'), also starring MARTIN KOVE, ULTRA VIOLET, and ASHA. Holly instead took up the offer from another producer to star in 'Scarecrow in a Garden of Cucumbers' for $6,500.00.
Publicity shot for Scarecrow in a Garden of Cucumbers
After the filming, Holly Woodlawn moved back into the Chelsea with Johnny and started using heroin again. When they ran out of money they moved into a hovel on Tenth and Hudson Streets. Holly got into another dramatic argument with Johnny and he left her again. Broke, she went to the Factory and got some money from Andy to pay her rent. (HW197-8)
Living in the Chelsea at the same time as Holly was JEROME RAGNI (Hair) and RICHARD BERNSTEIN (Interview cover designer).
AUGUST 1971: HEAT IS EDITED IN THE HAMPTONS.
PAUL MORRISSEY and JED JOHNSON edited HEAT at a house that Andy Warhol rented in the Hamptons. (L&D354)
AUTUMN 1971: WOMEN IS SHOWN WEEKLY.
Women in Revolt is shown weekly at the Factory, but Warhol is unable to get a distributor for the film. (BC84)
SEPT. 1971: VALERIE SOLANAS IS RELEASED.
Valerie was released from prison after serving her time at two institutions - the New York State Prison for Women at Bedford Hills and Mattewan Prison. (UV134)
NOV. 1971: VALERIE SOLANAS IS ARRESTED.
Valerie was arrested once again because of threatening letters and telephone calls she made to MAURICE GIRODIAS, publisher BARNEY ROSSET, HOWARD HUGHES, and ROBERT SARNOFF of NBC.
In the letters, Valerie Solanas claimed: I have a license to kill. In and out of mental institutions in 1973, Valerie continued to write obscene and incendiary letters. In 1975 she spent eight months in South Florida State Hospital. In 1977 she mailed a rambling letter to a Playboy editor, on the theory that he was a contact man for "The Mob. (UV187)
NOV. 16, 1971 AT 9.20 AM: EDIE SEDGWICK DIES.
The Coroner classified Edie Sedgwick's death as Accident/Suicide' and the cause of death as acute barbiturate intoxication. (E421) Edie was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Ballard, California. Andy Warhol did not go to the funeral. (UV233)
1971: GLENN O'BRIEN EDITS INTERVIEW.
In 1971, O'Brien replaced Bob Colacello as the managing editor of Interview so that Bob could write a book about Warhol. BOB COLACELLO became "special contributing editor", leaving him more time to work on the book.
FRED HUGHES "secretly" negotiated the sale of JEROME HILL and CHARLES RYDELL's Interview shares to PETER BRANT and JOE ALLEN, "his new best friends" - and Andy's new best clients." Peter and Joe ran their father's expanding newsprint company.
Andy's new Swiss art dealer, BRUNO BISCHOFBERGER, was involved in the "complicated transaction" which, according to Bob Colacello, included "the exchange of paintings, the publication of the Electric Chair prints, tax write-offs - a typical FRED HUGHES deal."
Fred Hughes was credited as editor on the masthead, above the names of PAUL MORRISSEY and ANDY WARHOL. (BC102)
GLENN O'BRIEN's first issue (February 1972) was a MARILYN MONROE special. (BC104)
1971: CANDY DARLING MOVES IN WITH SAM GREEN.
She was "tossed out of her East Side setup by the garment center heir" and moved "into the West Side duplex of SAMUEL ADAMS GREEN, an art-world friend of Andy's from the sixties, who had curated the riotous 1965 show in Philadelphia." (BC103)
DEC. 1971: JACKIE CURTIS IS BANNED FROM ANDY WARHOL'S FACTORY.
"By December, Jackie [Curtis] was persona non grata at the Factory; Holly had stopped coming by for handouts because she had a manager in Dallas who got her a paying part in an almost-aboveground movie called Is There Sex After Death?; and Candy had a big solo finale, the most closeups, and top billing in ANDY WARHOL'S WOMEN IN REVOLT (BC84)
1972: HALSTON MEETS VICTOR HUGO.
From Tim Blanks, "The Mad Hatter," The Daily Telegraph (London), 6 December 2001:
"Halston was used to paying for sex and that's how he met a Venezualan rent-boy called Victor Hugo in 1972. Halston's money and Hugo's appetite for excess made the pair an accident waiting to happen."
EARLY 1972: FRAN LEBOWITZ IS HIRED FOR ANDY WARHOL'S INTERVIEW.
Glenn O'Brien "delighted in telling the boys in Max's back room that he'd hired Fran Lebowitz on the spot because she'd brought him a nasty review of Women in Revolt that she had published in Changes, 'a magazine with a readership of fifty three,' as Fran put it. Glenn thought this was 'gutsy.' Paul [Morrissey] thought it was a good reason not to use Fran. She began writing for Interview early in 1972 and her generally nasty film reviews quickly evolved into a column called Best of the Worst, which Paul referred to as Worst of the Worst. Andy didn't like Fran either. For one thing, she always went mute around him. She later told me that she was sure if she got too close to him before he was famous, 'my sense of humor would somehow become Andy Warhol's sense of humor.'
'Who does she think she is?' Andy always said of Fran in those days, especially after he found out that she refused to to learn to type and instead dictated her handwritten pieces to Glenn or Jude. 'She's not that good. She just does that New York Jewish comedy that everybody does. We should drop her.' (BC104)
FEBRUARY 16, 1972: WOMEN IN REVOLT OPENS.
Women in Revolt opened in New York after two initial screenings in Los Angeles.
Even with the success of Trash and Flesh, no distributor would take Women in Revolt, so Andy Warhol rented the Cine Malibu - a small exploitation movie house on East 59th.
The opening of Women in Revolt was a celebrity preview with a dinner for Candy afterwards at le Parc Perigord (see bio).
Women's Liberation Groups protested outside the cinema during its run. (BC77)
MARCH 1972: SCARECROW OPENS.
Holly Woodlawn's non-Warhol film, Scarecrow in a Garden of Cucumbers opened at the Waverly Theater.
Holly arrived in a long white limo with live white doves attached to her wrists, "flapping, squawking, excreting". When CANDY DARLING saw them, she commented, "How Holly". (BC112)
Candy Darling had brought a bag full of tomatoes to the premiere - Just in case I need them she said behind a large pair of dark sunglasses.
According to Holly, the film played in New York, Los Angeles and at various art houses in between. (HW252)
1972: CANDY DARLING APPEARS IN SMALL CRAFT.
Darling appeared in a production of Tennessee William's play, Small Craft Warnings.(BC186)
1972: BOB COLACELLO HAS A BIRTHDAY.
BOB COLACELLO celebrated his twenty-fifth birthday at a dinner at SAM GREEN and CANDY DARLING's duplex. Among the guests were ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE, JOHN MCKENDRY, SYLVIA MILES, RUDOLF MARTINUS, RUTH FORD, DOTSON RADER, THE JACKSONS, SCAVULLO, ANDY WARHOL, PAUL MORRISSEY and Warhol's boyfriend JED JOHNSON.
Warhol gave Colacello a rhinestone necklace as a 'joke' gift which a Daily News reporter mistakenly reported as diamonds.
MAY 1972: RICHARD BERNSTEIN DOES INTERVIEW.
The May 1972 issue of Interview was the first with a cover designed by RICHARD BERNSTEIN.
Both the Art Deco logo and tagline 'Andy Warhol's Film Magazine" were dropped from the magazine starting with this issue. They were replaced with 'Andy Warhol's Interview'. On the cover was Donna Jordan who was in Warhol's film L'Amour, with Jane Forth. (BC105)
Richard Bernstein continued to design the cover for the next fifteen years. He died on October 18, 2002 of complications from AIDS at the age of 62, after having been a long term resident of The Chelsea Hotel.
JUNE 7, 1972: ANDY WARHOL TAKES DEXAMYL IN MEXICO.
ANDY WARHOL, JED JOHNSON, FRED HUGHES and BOB COLACELLO flew to Mexico City to attend the opening of an art exhibit by MARIA LUISA DE ROMANS at the Museum of Modern Art in Mexico.
Maria Luisa was the wife of the Italian ambassador to Mexico, heiress to the second-largest fortune in Italy and an artist herself. She had exhibited her paintings in spring at the Iolas Gallery in New York. Andy was hoping that Bob Colacello could get a commission from Maria Luisa for Andy to do her portrait.
One afternoon, while Warhol and Bob Colacello were having lunch in Andy's hotel room in Mexico, Andy admited to taking Dexamyl on a daily basis:
Andy to Bob Colacello: "It's just so hard to get up in the morning. It would be so much easier to stay in bed all day, wouldn't it? I have to take, uh, a pill to get going. I just don't have any energy since I was shot."
Bob Colacello: "What kind of pill?"
Andy Warhol: "Oh, uh, just a little Dexamyl. It's nothing." (BC117)
AUGUST 8, 1972: ANDREA FELDMAN COMMITS SUICIDE.
ANDREA FELDMAN, who appeared in Imitation of Christ, Trash and Heat, committed suicide by jumping out of the window of the apartment she lived in with her family on the fourteenth floor of a building at Fifth Avenue and 12th Street. (POP299) Andy did not go to the funeral.
Andrea Feldman in publicity photo for Heat
According to Bob Colacello, Andrea Feldman was carrying a can of coke in one hand and a rosary in the other when she jumped from 51 Fifth Avenue. Many factory employees thought August 8th was Warhol's birth date at the time - Andrea may have chosen this date because she assumed it was his birthday. It was also the tenth anniversary of MARILYN MONROE's death with whom Andrea identified herself. (BC126)
Andrea had "apparently made dates for that afternoon with half a dozen guys she had gone out with, including the poet and diarist JIM CARROLL, so that they would all be down on the sidewalk when she flew out the window."
Andrea Feldman's best friend and Warhol superstar, GERALDINE SMITH, mentioned a note that Feldman had left telling everyone she loved them and that she was 'going for the big time, I hit the jackpot!'
But, according to Bob Colacello, "in the back room of Max's the old Superstars were saying that... the note wasn't to everyone and it wasn't about love; it was to Andy and it was very, very nasty." (BC128)
Andrea Feldman's last interview was conducted on July 29, 1972 by Greg Ford who submitted it to Interview magazine. In regard to her career as a Warhol star, she said:
"They just throw you in front of a camera - they don't care what you look like. And they just use you, and abuse you, and step on you, and they don't pay you anything. I am very depressed about the whole thing, because I know I'm a damn good actress and I've been brought down by Warhol and I've been mistreated by them. And Paul Morrissey told me I was the best actress he ever had."
Interview never printed the article. (BC128)
1972: LOU REED WRITES A MUSICAL.
Andy Warhol approached LOU REED and asked him to write some songs for a Broadway musical to be produced by Warhol and YVES ST. LAURENT.
Lou Reed wrote Vicious, New York Telephone Conversation, and Make Up for the musical - all of which would appear on his second solo album, Transformer (produced by DAVID BOWIE).
"Andy said 'Why don't you write a song called Vicious?' I said, 'Well, Andy, what kind of vicious?' 'Oh, you know, like I hit you with a flower.' And I wrote it down, literally." (LR200)
1972: HOLLY WOODLAWN IS ARRESTED.
Holly was arrested for shoplifting in Puerto Rico, while visiting an old friend, ROBERT JONES, and was locked up in an old, dilapidated jail known as La Princessa. (HW217)
OCTOBER 6, 1972: HEAT OPENS.
Heat opened at New York's Festival Theater on West 57th Street to favorable reviews, after a celebrity premiere the night before at the Lincoln Center Film Festival.
The following week Heat was booked into two additional cinemas. Judith Christ reviewed the film in New York magazine, saying "The most striking performance - in large part non-performance - comes from the late Andrea Feldman as the flat-voiced, freaked-out daughter, a mass of psychotic confusion, infantile and heart-breaking." (DB322)
Bob Colacello persuaded CANDY DARLING to host an opening party at SAM GREEN's after the premiere. (BC132)
MID-OCTOBER 1972: HEAT PLAYS L.A.
A celebrity preview of HEAT took place at the Director's Guild in Los Angeles. Andy Warhol attended, along with PAUL MORRISSEY, BOB COLACELLO and SYLVIA MILES. (BC136)
1972: SUSAN BLOND JOINS INTERVIEW.
SUSAN BLOND, future star of Andy Warhol's BAD, worked as assistant to SANDY BRANT, the director of advertising for Interview magazine and wife to Interview investor PETER BRANT. According to Bob Colacello, Susan Blond was a "frizzy-haired brunette" who "was a serious painter at the Whitney Museum school when Andy lured her to Interview's advertising department with party invitations." (BC140)
"The best part of my job was being in that video soap opera that Andy was making up at Maxime de la Falaise's with Candy Darling and Geri Miller. It was called Phonies." (BC140)
1972: ANDY WARHOL DOES HALSTON.
Andy Warhol produced Halston's fashion show for the 1972 Coty Awards at Lincoln Center (with"'considerable help from JOE EULA").
Andy had the models cooking breakfast onstage with the latest kitchen appliances from General Electric. Amongst the models were Warhol superstars CANDY DARLING, PAT AST, JANE HOLZER, DONNA JORDAN and JANE FORTH who had with her the newborn child she had with ERIC EMERSON, who they had named EMERSON FORTH.
DIANA VREELAND said the smell of bacon fat was "the most optimistic fragrance in the world!" (BC137)
NOVEMBER 1972: ANDY WARHOL'S MOTHER DIES.
David Bourdon gave the date of November 28th for the death of Warhol's mother in his biography of Warhol. Victor Bockris wrote that she died on November 22nd. Almost two years prior to her death, Warhol's mother had left New York and had stayed briefly with her son John before moving in with her other son Paul. She suffered a stroke three months later and ended up comatose in a hospital. After a month of hospitalization she was put into a nursing home - the Wightman Manor in Squirrel Hill - where she died nineteen months later. Warhol did not attend the funeral.
"Andy did not mention his mother's death to any of this close friends. Fred Hughes accidentally found out she had died when he happened to answer a phone call from Andy's brother John. Jed Johnson did not learn of her death until the summer of 1975, when he saw James Warhola, Paul's son, and asked, 'How's your grandmother doing?' As late as 1976, when friends asked about his mother, Andy said, 'Oh, she's great. But she doesn't get out of bed much." (DB322)
DEC. 1972: THE FACTORY HAS A CHRISTMAS PARTY.
The Factory held its first Christmas party. The guests included CANDY DARLING, SYLVIA MILES, PAT AST, GERALDINE and MARIA SMITH, DONNA JORDAN, JANE FORTH, ERIC EMERSON (and their baby son Emerson Forth) and JOE DALLESANDRO (and his son Joe Jr.). (BC144)
1973: SILENT NIGHT IS RELEASED.
The non-Warhol film, Silent Night, Bloody Night, was released in 1973. It was directed by MARY WORONOV's husband, Theodore Gershuny, and featured Woronov in the cast. Cameo appearances included CANDY DARLING (as "guest"), JACK SMITH and TALLY BROWN as mental patients and ONDINE as the head mental patient. (IMY31)
1973: HOLLY WOODLAWN BECOMES A BROKEN GODDESS.
HOLLY WOODLAWN starred in the non-Warhol film, Broken Goddess, which was originally conceived as a vehicle for Bette Midler by DALLAS, the light man for Bettes show at the Continental Baths. Folk singer LAURA NYRO worked as Dallas' assistant.
ca. SUMMER 1973: HOLLY WOODLAWN DOES CABARET.
HOLLY WOODLAWNs cabaret act was born at the Continental Baths. Holly performed at the older, smaller Continental Baths (not the larger one where BETTE MIDLER performed - which later became Plato's Retreat) for a benefit for the Phoenix House in New York, a drug rehabilitation center. She presented half of her performance fee of $150.00 to the center in the form of a huge cardboard check after her performance. (HW230-1)
1973: HOLLY WOODLAWN MOVES IN WITH ELDA.
Elda was the mother of ERIC EMERSONs son who was conceived in one lust-filled afternoon in a telephone booth at Maxs. (HW231) (Eric also had a son with Warhol superstar JANE FORTH.)
Elda was going out with New York Dolls guitarist SYLVAIN SYLVAIN. Elda and Holly started a band called Pure Garbage with a black girl named JAMAICA KINCAID. They performed on talent night at nightclub Reno Sweeney and owner LEWIS FRIEDMAN offered Holly a solo spot which she accepted after encouragement from Elda.
Pure Garbage replaced Holly with a pretty brunette from New Jersey who was waitressing at Maxs - DEBBIE HARRY, changing the bands name to the Stilettos. Later, Debbie left the band to start Blondie with boyfriend, CHRIS STEIN. (HW233-4)
SPRING 1973: ANDY WARHOL GOES TO ROME.
Andy Warhol and his dog Archie commuted between New York and Rome with FRED HUGHES while ANDY WARHOL'S FRANKENSTEIN (aka Flesh for Frankenstein) and ANDY WARHOL'S DRACULA were being shot at Cinecitta. While in Rome Warhol was also filmed for a cameo role in The Driver's Seat, opposite ELIZABETH TAYLOR. (BC145)
SPRING 1973: ANDY WARHOL MEETS PAULETTE GODDARD.
Andy Warhol met PAULETTE GODDARD at the opening of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Gold Show. They became friends and were seen together so often that the Daily News predicted they would marry in 1974. (BC194/7)
APRIL 3 - 28, 1973: HAROLD STEVENSON HAS AN EXHIBIT.
Artist HAROLD STEVENSON had an exhibit at the Iolas Gallery at 15 E. 55th Street. Harold Stevenson had a small part in HEAT. He has always maintained that he was also the subject of Warhol's first film - however there is no record of the "Harold" film ever being made. Warhol, himself, said that SLEEP was his first film.
APRIL 13, 1973: ANDY WARHOL IS ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL.
ANDY WARHOL was admitted into hospital after pain caused by gallstones at a dinner given by ELSIE WOODWARD. (BC166)
MAY 1973: CANDY DARLING INTERVIEWS SALVADOR DALI.
Candy Darling interviewed Salvador Dali in the May 1973 issue of Interview magazine.
Candy interviews Dali
(photo: Francesco Scavullo)
MAY 1973: L'AMOUR OPENS.
L'Amour opened in New York in May and was panned by critics. (DB346) Patti D'Arbanville, who appeared in the film and was also in FLESH, spoke about L'AMOUR in the April 1973 issue of Interview magazine. (During the interview, she gets a phone call from Candy Darling.)
L'Amour ad that appeared in
the June issue of Interview
MAY 14, 1973: JUDITH CRIST GIVES L'AMOUR A SCATHING REVIEW IN NEW YORK MAGAZINE.
New York magazine May 14, 1973
JUNE 13, 1973: LE JARDIN OPENS.
The nightclub, Le Jardin, opened on 43rd Street and Broadway (next to Nathan's Famous Hot Dog emporium) - with a special midnight performance by CANDY DARLING singing Give Me a Man. The opening was covered by Interview magazine in their Small Talk section.
Candy Darling & Andy Warhol at a Lou Reed concert
at the Alice Tully Hall, NY (January 1973)
ca. JUNE 1973: CANDY DARLING DOESN'T SHOW
CANDY DARLING fails to appear for her date, composer RICHARD CURRIER, at the Phoenix House benefit at Roseland because of illness. (IJY33)
JUNE 1973: CHILDREN'S MASS OPENS.
The Sal Mineo produced play, CHILDREN'S MASS, premiered at the Theatre de Lys in New York. The play was about "drugs and drags" and supposedly, "partially based" on the life of HOLLY WOODLAWN. (IJY45)
JULY 27, 1973: JACKIE CURTIS SUPPORTS THE MANHATTAN TRANSFER.
The JACKIE CURTIS Revue and ERIC EMERSON were the support band for a Manhattan Transfer "cruise on the Hudson" concert. (IJY5)
SUMMER 1973: ROSEMARY KENT BECOMES EDITOR OF INTERVIEW.
ROSEMARY KENT (from WWD) was made editor-in-chief of INTERVIEW magazine. PAUL MORRISSEY, who had been listed as an editor on the masthead, was dropped, and no longer visited the Factory regularly. GLENN O'BRIEN quit and was hired by JANN WENNER to run the NY office of ROLLING STONE magazine. JOHN FAIRCHILD banned Warhol from ever being mentioned in WWD magazine - "everyone at Conde Nast was calling Rosemary Kent's INTERVIEW, WWD Jr." (BC180)
1973: HOLLY WOODLAWN TOURS.
HOLLY WOODLAWN toured her cabaret act, getting favorable reviews. She was eventually booked into venues in Philadelphia, Chicago and Boston. (HW255)
1973: JOE DALLESSANDRO FINDS HIS MOTHER.
Joe searched for his biological mother and found her living in Sacramento, re-married as Sandy Hoyt.
Joe Dallesandro and his brother Bob went to visit her and were reunited successfully, with a headline appearing in The saturday morning Sacrament Bee newspaper proclaiming "Lost Son Is X-Rated Star of Warhol Films."(JOE29)
SEPT. 1973: CANDY DARLING IS TESTED.
CANDY DARLING was admitted to Columbus-Mother Cabrini Hospital for medical tests - the same hospital Andy Warhol attended when he was shot by Valerie Solanas. (BC188)
OCT. 18, 1973: ANDY WARHOL BREAKS A RECORD.
A Warhol painting from the early sixties sold for $135,000, breaking his record, at "the big art world event of 1973" - the Scull auction at Sotheby Parke Bernet. (BC169)
OCT. 26, 1973: BROKEN GODDESS OPENS.
Broken Goddess opened to "critical acclaim" on Holly Woodlawns 27th birthday. (HW257)
NOV. 7 - 10, 1973: HOLLY WOODLAWN PLAYS RENO SWEENEY - AND GETS ARRESTED (AGAIN).
According to Holly Woodlawn's autobiography, The Holly Woodlawn Story: A Low Life in High Heels , Holly was arrested in the lobby of Reno's for not fulfilling her probation obligations from her grand larceny charge a couple of years earlier. In about 1970 she had been arrested for impersonating a French diplomat's wife and cashing a cheque in her name. A mutual friend of Holly and Silver George had been subleasing an apartment from the wealthy wife of a French diplomat. After finding the bank book, passport and credentials of the diplomat's wife at the apartment, George pasted a picture of Holly over the picture of the wife in the passport and Holly practiced the signature. She successfully withdrew $2,000 from the wife's account. But when she returned to withdraw more money she was drunk and suspicions were aroused. She was caught and arrested, with bail set at $1,000.00. (HW10-13)
Holly was jailed in the Tombs until ETHAN GETO, a prominent gay politician, got her released under his recognizance with Geto taking responsibility for her re-appearance and compliance with court orders. When Geto was first given her court papers and saw the name 'Harold Azenberg' on them, he asked "Who's that? I'm here for Holly Woodlawn", not knowing it was Holly's birth name. The cops replied: "That's 'her', bub!" (EG) Later, Getto would help with the fundraiser at Reno Sweeney's to pay back the money she had embezzled.
"On Nov 7th  she [Holly] was performing at Renos Sweeneys and throwing a birthday party for me. That is when the FBI came in and pulled her off stage for failing to pay the French Ambassador's wife the money she owed her. Holly thought that payment was made directly from the production of the movie she made in '70 Scarecrow in a Garden of Cucumbers but obviously was not paid. Arthur Bell from the Village Voice bailed her out that night and 2 weeks later the benefit was held." (EG160109)
Holly Woodlawn was released in my recognizance - I had to take responsibility for her re-appearance and compliance with court orders, etc., and helped with the fundraiser which subsequently occurred at Reno Sweeney's. The authorities would NEVER have released her in her own recognizance! When I first was given her court papers, and saw the name "Harold Azenberg," I said: "Who's that?" I'm here for Holly Woodlawn. They said: "That's "her," bub!" (EG291102)
The benefit that was staged for Holly at Reno's included appearances by TALLY BROWN, BETTY RHODES, JACKIE CURTIS, ALEXIS DEL LAGO, JUDITH COHEN, BLOSSOM DEARY, MARTHA SHLAMME, ANITA O’DAY, BRUCE ROBERTS, ELLEN GREEN and GERALDINE FITZGERALD. BETTE MIDLER sent Holly a check for $500.00. (HW281-2)
After getting good reviews at Reno Sweeney, Holly was contracted for another engagement at another nightclub, Trude Hellers. CANDY DARLING went to the show and complimented Holly backstage afterwards. Holly was suspicious of her goodwill as previously Candy would always berate Holly for her behavior. The next afternoon Holly learned that Candy was dying of cancer and had left the hospital against their advice to go and see Hollys cabaret act. (HW244)
1973: JOE DALLESANDRO DATES STEFANIA CASINI.
After filming FRANKENSTEIN and DRACULA in Italy, JOE DALLESANDRO decided to stay there, enjoying a whirlwind romance with his DRACULA co-star STEFANIA CASINI, while his wife and son moved back to New York. Joe stayed in Europe to pursue a film career there. (JOE26/27)
NOV. 24, 1973: CANDY DARLING HAS A PARTY.
CANDY DARLING had a birthday party - to celebrate what would be her very last birthday. (BC190)
EARLY DEC. 1973: BIANCA JAGGER WANTS A PORTRAIT.
BIANCA JAGGER rang BOB COLACELLO to ask for her portrait to be done by Warhol as a Christmas present from Mick. When Andy was told, he snapped: "Tell her to fork over some money... She's nothing but trouble." (BC169)
CHRISTMAS EVE, 1973: LOU REED IS ARRESTED.
Reed was arrested in Riverhead, Long Island for trying to get drugs from a pharmacy with a forged prescription. (LR236)
DEC. 31, 1973: BOB COLACELLO WATCHES ANDY WARHOL PAINT.
EARLY 1974: ANDY BUYS A NEW HOUSE.
Andy Warhol bought a new house for $310,000 which he paid for outright as, according to Bob Colacello, "he didn't believe in mortgages." The six story brownstone was located at 57 East 66th Street, between Madison and Park avenue. (BC239)
JAN. 1974: ANDY WARHOL GOES TO THE 9TH CIRCLE.
Andy Warhol, LOU REED, BOB COLACELLO met at Reeno Sweeney's to discuss the possibility of turning Lou Reed's album, Berlin into a musical. Afterwards, they went to the gay bar, the 'Ninth Circle'. (LR237)
FEB. 22, 1974: MAO OPENS IN PARIS.
Andy Warhol went to Paris for the opening of his Mao exhibition at the Musee Galleria, along with FRED HUGHES, PETER and SANDY BRANT, DAVID WHITNEY (who hung the show) and PALOMA PICASSO. (BC202)
FEB. 1974: HOLLY CLEANS UP - JANE FORTH TO MARRY - VIVA AND MICHEL TOGETHER AGAIN.
The following item appeared in the March 1974 issue of Interview magazine about HOLLY WOODLAWN:
"SUPERSTAR FOOTNOTES: A completely cleaned up HOLLY WOODLAWN is off taking her successful nightclub act to college campuses across the land..." (IMA28)
The same issue also reported that "PATTI D'ARBANVILLE [who appeared in Flesh] has dropped CHU CHU MALAVE... JANE FORTH may tie the knot and not to ERIC EMERSON who is living in sunny splendor in Coral Gables, Florida, thanks to the generosity of a certain rockstar's girlfriend... VIVA and MICHAEL AUDER are together again in L.A. where Viva is writing her second book, called THE BABY and based on the experiences of her three year old ALEXANDRA."
MARCH 1974: ANDY WARHOL GETS A PUBLISHER.
Andy Warhol signed a contract with Harcourt Brace Jovanovich for two books - one on Paulette Goddard and the Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again).
1974: CANDY DARLING IS RE-ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL.
When Candy Darling was re-admitted to hospital, JACKIE CURTIS rang HOLLY WOODLAWN and told her that Miss Ds back in the hospital again, and shes only got two minutes so you better hurry. When Holly started crying, Jackie told her to shut up: We gotta go visit her. Photographers and the press are gonna be there. (HW257)
MARCH 1974: INTERVIEW MAGAZINE MENTIONS CANDY DARLING'S "BLOOD DISEASE."
From the "Small Talk" section of the March 1974 issue of Interview (p. 28):
"Candy Darling is making a valiant effort against a serious blood disease... send your get wells care of Interview, Box Candy."
MARCH 20, 1974: HOLLY WOODLAWN VISITS CANDY DARLING FOR THE LAST TIME.
Holly Woodlawn visited Candy Darling at the hospital for the final time the day before Candy died. She noted that Candys once-painted picture-perfect face had now faded to a dull, lifeless gray" with the exception of her lips, which were painted a bright crimson red. The right side of Candy's face was paralyzed from Bell's palsy. Her body was horribly thin, weighing only eighty pounds.
When Candy Darling tried to speak, Holly told her Its okay, hon... you dont have to talk. I know youre tired.
Candy responded, Yeah. Putting on lipstick... it really takes it out of me. (HW262)
MARCH 21, 1974: CANDY DARLING DIES.
CANDY DARLING died of Leukemia at the age of 25 at Columbus Hospital, a few blocks from the Factory. Then she had the movie stars funeral shed always wanted, uptown at Frank Campbells. (POP299)
Candy Darling was laid out in the same funeral room that had been used for Judy Garland. The funeral guests included: TAYLOR MEAD, PAT AST, PAUL AMBROSE, MAXIME DE LA FALAISE, KENNETH JAY LANE, VICTOR HUGO, BABY JANE HOLZER, PAUL MORRISSEY, PETER ALLEN, JOHN PHILLIPS, GENEVIEVE WAITE, JACKIE CURTIS, TALLY BROWN, ERIC EMERSON and SYLVIA MILES who appeared in HEAT in 1972. Andy Warhol didn't attend the funeral. (HW263) Eulogies were delivered by JULIE NEWMAR, EUGENE of CINANDRE and gossip columnist R. COURI HAY.
Not once did the minister mention Candys real gender or refer to her by her real name, James. (HW263)
When Candy's casket was being loaded into a hearse in the front of the funeral home, a large black Rolls-Royce drove up and paused. Seated alone in the back seat was "an elegant old woman in white - white fur, white veil, white gloves. Gloria Swanson." (BC192)
MARCH 22, 1974: GLAMOUR, GLORY AND GOLD IS REVIVED.
An advertisement appeared in the April 1974 issue of Interview (which came out in March) for a revival performance of Glamour, Glory and Gold by Jackie Curtis for the opening on March 22, 1974 - the night after Candy Darling's death.
MAY 2 - 12, 1974: MORE GLAMOUR, GLORY AND GOLD.
JACKIE CURTIS performed her play, Glamour, Glory and Gold (directed by Ron Link) at the Fortune Theater, with additional advertised performances in New Haven June 7 - 9 and Amsterdam on August 15.
MAY, JUNE 1, 7, 8, 1974: JACKIE AND HOLLY DO CABARET.
JACKIE CURTIS and HOLLY WOODLAWN appeared together in Cabaret in the Sky - an Evening with Holly Woodlawn and Jackie Curtis at the New York Cultural Center. (JCC)
SUMMER 1974: PAUL AMERICA VISITS THE FACTORY.
Nine years after making his only Warhol film, My Hustler, Paul America returned to the Factory. Andy Warhol told him to wait while he got Pat Hackett and then retreated into the back room until Paul left. (BC233)
SUMMER 1974: HOLLY WOODLAWN DOES A BENEFIT.
Holly performed at a benefit for the Pines on Fire Island organized by the niece of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
JUNE 11, 1974: ROSEMARY KENT IS FIRED.
Kent was fired as editor-in-chief of Interview magazine. The day after she left, Bob Colacello rang Fran Lebowitz to try and get her back on the staff. (BC249)
SUMMER 1974: THE DRIVER'S SEAT OPENS IN PARIS.
Andy Warhol and Bob Colacello went to Paris for the premiere of The Driver's Seat in which Andy appeared with ELIZABETH TAYLOR. (BC210)
1974: ANDY WARHOL PAINTS HIS MOTHER.
Andy Warhol painted his last portrait at the Union Square Factory - of his belated mother, JULIA WARHOLA, who had died at the age of eighty on November 28, 1972. (BC266)
EARLY SEPTEMBER 1974: THE FACTORY MOVES.
Andy Warhol moved his operation from 33 Union Square West to offices at 860 Broadway - just across Union Square on the corner of Broadway and East 17th Street . (L&D375)
PAUL MORRISSEY did not have a desk at the new Factory nor did he have a position in Warhol's new company - Andy Warhol Enterprises (AWE). Warhol was chairman, Fred Hughes was president and Vincent Fremont the vice president, secretary and treasurer. Andy Warhol Films, Inc. now only existed as the copyright owner of the movies that Morrissey and Warhol had made together.
JOE DALLESANDRO was also not part of the new Factory - he had stayed in Rome after the success of Frankenstein and Dracula, "making spaghetti westerns for $100,000 a picture". Joe's brother, Bobby Dallesandro, was also gone. He had been working at the Factory as Warhol's chauffeur. (BC237)
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1974: JACKIE AND GINO GO TO CRISPO'S.
The Andrew Crispo Gallery opens. GINO PISERCHIO from Warhol's film BEAUTY NO. 2 attends. On the same night of the opening there is a party at John Richardson's of Knoedler's. Jackie Curtis is there as a girl "necking in the hall with Lance Loud." (IFB42)
Andrew Crispo's Christmas party took place on December 23, 1974 with guests FRANCESCO SCAVULLO, SEAN BYERS and DAVID CROLAND who were "triple-dating" with MARIA SMITH, PATTI D'ARBANVILLE (FLESH), and DONNA JORDAN (L'AMOUR). (IFB43)
ca. NOV. 1974: LUNA ARRIVES AS A BLACK ORCHID.
DONYALE LUNA who was in Warhol's film, CAMP, appeared at Bill Maynard's opening at the Holographic Communications Centre in New York dressed as a black orchid.
Interview magazine (December 1974): "Billy Maynard's opening of photographs and holograms... had to be one of the most interesting shows for a long time. The highlight of the evening was the arrival of Donyale Luna, who appeared amidst flashing laser beams, dressed as a black orchid."
Luna made fashion history by becoming the first black super-model during the sixties. She later died of a drugs overdose.
THURSDAY, DEC. 19, 1974: THE FACTORY CHRISTMAS PARTY.(IFB43)
1974: FRED HUGHES MAKES THE BEST DRESSED LIST OF1974. (BC433)
DECEMBER 1974: MAN ON THE MOON.
An advertisement for the Paul Morrissey production of Man On The Moon with book, music and lyrics by John Phillips, appeared in the December 1974 issue of Interview magazine. (IDC23) The production was panned by the critics and closed after five nights.
to 1975 - 1979