Andy Warhol Chronology
by Gary Comenas
Viva threatens Andy Warhol. Court decides that Valerie Solanas is fit to stand trial. Viva marries Michel Auder. Ingrid Superstar reads poetry. Candy Darling is rejected for Myra Breckinridge, Holly Woodlawn gets a last name. Andy Warhol's porn cinema. Andy Warhol attends Judy Garland's funeral. Jackie Curtis has a wedding. Andy Warhol's Blue Movie is ruled obscene. Holly Woodlawn falls in love. Andy Warhol says Brigid Berlin does his paintings. Vincent Fremont joins the Factory. Holly Woodlawn almost steals a camera. Heaven Grand in Amber Orbit opens. Paul Morrissey films Trash. Andy Warhol's Interview magazine is published. Holly Woodlawn appears in Cockstrong. Andy Warhol rents his superstars. Valerie Solanas threatens Andy Warhol.
JANUARY 1969: VIVA THREATENS ANDY WARHOL.
Viva sent Warhol a threatening letter from Paris. She had gone there in November 1968 using a roundtrip ticket that Andy had paid for. In the letter Viva threatened: If you dont send me money, Ill work against you as well as I worked for you. Warhol was disappointed by her behavior and ignored her. (POP295)
JANUARY 17, 1969: COURT DECIDES THAT VALERIE SOLANAS IS FIT TO STAND TRIAL.
Howard Smith ("Scenes," Village Voice, vol. XIV, no. 15, January 23, 1969):
VALERIE [SOLANAS] was back in court last Friday. This time to find out whether the court psychiatric clinic report agreed with Mattawan State Hospital's verdict when it released her early in December: that she is fit to stand trial for shooting Andy Warhol last June.
It did. And the D.A.'s office promptly asked for $100,000 bail because of alleged new threats to Warhol, her recent history as a mental patient, and because the report was not made public (even the D.A. did not see it). Bail was set at $50,000.
Valerie's counsel, Samuel Siegel, requested that the judge relieve him from the case and he did. Asked whether she wanted a new lawyer appointed to her, she demured, informing the court that she would prefer to defend herself. She is now in jail, awaiting a new trial date..."
FEBUARY 1969: VIVA THREATENS ANDY AGAIN.
This time Viva sent her request for money by telegram. Warhol ignored her again. Viva ended up going to Los Angeles to star in AGNES VARDAs movie Lions Love. (POP295)
MARCH 1969: VIVA MARRIES MICHEL AUDER.
While Andy Warhol was in the hospital having a follow-up operation the Factory received a telegram from Viva saying she had gotten married. She returned to New York with her husband, a French filmmaker named Michel Auder who she had met in Europe and took to Hollywood.
Upon her return, Viva rang Andy and told him she was writing an autobiographical novel called Superstar for Putnams that would be an expose of the underground, also telling him that she was taping their conversation for one of the chapters. (POP295)
MARCH 11, 1969: INGRID SUPERSTAR READS HER POETRY.
Ingrid Superstar read her poetry at St. Mark's Church In-The Bouwerie, with Gerard Malanga also doing a reading of his poems. The showing of a "never before seen Andy Warhol film" was promised at the event. (X1)
1969: CANDY DARLING DOESN'T GET A PART.
Film industry trade papers announced that a movie was going to be made of GORE VIDALs Myra Breckinridge. A much publicized search for the role of Myra was launched.
CANDY DARLING was desperate for the part and made numerous calls/letters to the producer and director. She was extremely disappointed when RAQUEL WELCH got the part instead. (UV133)
"They decided Raquel Welch would make a more believable transvestite."(BC84)
MAY 1969: ANDY WARHOL FAILS TO GET A HOLLYWOOD DEAL.
Columbia studios flew Andy to L.A. to discuss a screen treatment developed by PAUL MORRISSEY and JOHN HALLOWELL (who was writing a book called The Truth Game consisting of interviews with Hollywood stars).
The studio ended up rejecting the project for moral reasons. (POP297) John Hallowell later played the part of John, the gossip columnist in Andy Warhol's HEAT.
SUMMER 1969: HOLLY GETS A LAST NAME.
HOLLY chose WOODLAWN as her last name while watching an episode of I Love Lucy with SILVER GEORGE, PETER and some other friends while high on speed.
In the TV episode, Lucy was riding on the subway with a loving cup stuck on her head. In the background of the subway was the word Woodlawn as Lucy was supposedly riding the 'Woodlawn' train - a train to the Bronx with it's final destination being the Woodlawn Cemetery.
Holly's friend Peter noticed the sign while watching the episode and screamed it out so that Holly would see it. (HW119)
JUNE 25 - AUGUST 5, 1969: ANDY WARHOL OPENS A PORN CINEMA.
Andy Warhol rented the 150 seat Fortune Theater at 62 East Fourth Street (second floor), with Gerard Malanga as manager, and put on a series of hardcore male porn films. (LD325)
According to Victor Bockris, the porn cinema was Paul Morrissey's idea. It was called Andy Warhol's Theater: Boys to Adore Galore. Gerard Malanga was in charge of the operation and the "paperwork was done under his name and company, Poetry on Film." Gerard "managed the theater and ran the music behind the silent reels."
The co-manager was poet Jim Carroll who also took tickets. Joe Dallesandro worked as projectionist for several weeks, replacing his brother who had been committed to Bellevue mental hospital. According to Jim Carroll, Joe Dallesandro was also secretly making a bit of extra money by taking clients into "a small sofa-filled room beside the projection booth" and having sex with them. (LD325)
JUNE 27 , 1969: ANDY WARHOL ATTENDS A FUNERAL.
Andy Warhol took ONDINE and CANDY DARLING to the long line for Judy Garland at Frank Campbells Funeral Home on 81st and Madison.
At the end of July I took Ondine and Candy up to the round-the-block line for Judy Garland at Frank Campbell's Funeral Home on 82st and Madison. I wanted to tape-record them as they were waiting to go past the casket... I had it in my head that this would make a great play - Ondine and Candy in a line stretching across the stage with criers and laughers all over the place, and everybody telling each other whatd brought them there... But being with Ondine that day was really strange; it was like being with a normal person. He hadnt been coming around the Factory much. He had a steady lover now, he said he was totally off speed, and he was sort of settled down, working as a mailman in Brooklyn... For weeks I couldnt stop thinking about this new nonpersonality of Ondines. Talking to him now was like talking to your Aunt Tillie. Sure, it was good he was off drugs (I supposed), and I was glad for him (I supposed), but he was so boring: there was no getting around that. The brilliance was gone. (POP288)
(Although Popism places this event at the end of July, Judy Garland's memorial service at Frank Campbell's actually took place on June 27, 1969. 22,000 people filed past her coffin.) (http://www.thirteen.org/pressroom/release.php?get=1125)
JULY 21, 1969: JACKIE CURTIS (ALMOST) MARRIES ERIC EMERSON.
Jackie and Eric planned to stage their "wedding" on the rooftop terrace of an apartment building at 211 E. 11th Street, inviting press and underground stars/artists with a porno producer turned self-ordained priest performing the ceremony.
When Eric didn't show up, Curtis married Stanley Sweetheart (who Holly Woodlawn calls 'Stanley Falconspeed' in her autobiography). Stanley was the blonde maitre d at Maxs. At the ceremony, HOLLY WOODLAWN, who was a bridesmaid, met JOHN VACARRO, founder of the Playhouse of the Ridiculous and he offered her a role in Jackies latest play, 'Heaven Grand in Amber Orbit'. (HW126/MLR)
The fake wedding was covered by the Village Voice in a front-page article 'Twilight of the Tribe' and filmed by the Maysles Brothers. The guests included Larry Ray dancing in a tutu and Melba LaRose who tap danced. Melba was a longtime friend of both Jackie and Candy and had starred in Jackie's first play, 'Glamour, Glory and Gold, the Life and Legend of Nola Noonan, Goddess and Star.' Other guests included Tony Ingrassia, Alice Playten and Ruby Lynn Reiner. (MLR)
According to Victor Bockris, a Jackie Curtis' 'wedding' took place on July 21st at Max's on the opening night of Blue Movie - and the groom was named Stuart Lichtenstein. (LD326)
Jackie staged numerous weddings throughout his life, with the eighth and final one at No. 1 Fifth Avenue in approximately 1978. (MLR)
Jackie Curtis (1969
JULY 21, 1969: ANDY WARHOL'S BLUE MOVIE OPENS.
Blue Movie opened at the New Andy Warhol Garrick Theater.
Variety magazine had reported in its June 18 issue that it was the "first theatrical feature to actually depict intercourse."
On July 30, Variety reported that the film had recovered three hundred percent of its cost in the first week of exhibition.
The cinema was raided on July 31st and the film seized and cinema staff arrested. On September 18, 1969, a three judge panel in the New York Criminal Court ruled the film obscene and the theatre manager was fined $250.
Warhol published the film in book form through Grove Press, in 1970, with explicit stills from the movie and a complete transcription of the dialogue. (FAW36)
AUGUST 21, 1969: SELECTIONS FROM THE THIRTEEN MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN LICENSED TO GERMAN T.V.
Selections from the film were licensed to the Third Programme of West Germany Television for seven years via Vaughan-Rogosin Films, Ltd., London. (AD291)
1969: HOLLY WOODLAWN GETS A BOYFRIEND.
Holly met future boyfriend JOHNNY in an apartment she shared with photographer LEEE CHILDERS and entertainer JAYNE (aka Wayne) COUNTY who would later appear in the London production of Warhol's play, Pork.
Some hippie friends of Leees stopped by the apartment on their way home from Woodstock. The group included a fifteen year old boy who Holly noticed sitting on her bed playing his guitar when she returned from a late night at Maxs with friends RITA REDD, ESTELLE and JACKIE CURTIS. When Holly saw Johnny she "swooped in for the kill" and they became lovers. Johnny later accompanied her to the filming of TRASH and ended up playing the role of the young student that Holly injected with drugs (trust me). (HW128)
1969: ANDY SAYS BRIGID DOES HIS PAINTINGS.
Warhol told a west coast magazine something outrageous like"I dont even do my own paintings - BRIGID POLK [Berlin] does them for me.
Joyce Haber repeated his comment in her syndicated newpaper column and the German press started calling the Factory because collectors were panicking that they might have Polks instead of Warhols.
Warhol was forced to make a public retraction. (POP249)
Cecil Beaton shoots Andy & Brigid
at the Factory (1969)
(photo: Fred McDarrah)
AUTUMN 1969: VINCENT FREMONT JOINS THE FACTORY.
Vincent Fremont started working with Andy Warhol in 1969 as a freelance writer, later becoming the studio manager and vice-president of Andy Warhol Enterprises in 1974. In the early eighties he became the executive manager of Andy Warhol's studio. After Warhol's death, Vincent was one of the founding directors of the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. and eventually the foundation's exclusive sales agent. In the early seventies, he worked with Ronnie Cutrone on videos and was involved in the development of Warhol's Soap Opera project in 1973 (later re-named Phoney), and also worked on Warhol's Fight (1975). He also produced Andy Warhol's TV and Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes. (UW73)
More recently he has produced and directed the documentary on Brigid Berlin's life, Pie in the Sky - The Brigid Berlin Story (2000), along with his wife, Shelly Dunn Fremont.
1969: HOLLY WOODLAWN (ALMOST) STEALS A CAMERA.
During rehearsals for Jackie Curtis' latest play Heaven Grand in Amber Orbit (in which Holly appeared), Holly became closer friends with JACKIE CURTIS and often accompanied her to the Factory when Jackie needed to ask Andy for money.
At the Factory, Holly met an Italian kid named JEFF working as a gofer for Andy. She also ran into him one night at Maxs after he was fired from the Factory. She saw him on the street a few days later and he asked her to go uptown with him to pick up a camera. Once in the shop, Jeff attempted to charge a two-thousand dollar camera to Warhol, telling the shop clerks that Holly was VIVA. When the clerk said he would need to verify the charge to Andys account, they both ran out of the shop. (HW130)
SEPTEMBER 1969: HEAVEN GRAND IN AMBER ORBIT OPENS.
JACKIE CURTIS play, Heaven Grand in Amber Orbit opened on 43rd Street in a small funeral-home-turned-theatre. HOLLY WOODLAWN played Cuckoo the Bird Girl, featured as Moon Reindeer Girl in the chorus.
During the run of the play, Holly was interviewed by JOHN HEYES for an underground newspaper and said that she was a Warhol superstar. They ran the story with shmaltzy Art Nouveau photos taken by LEE CHILDERS. (HW131)
1969: PAUL MORRISEY CASTS HOLLY WOODLAWN IN TRASH.
Paul cast Holly without ever meeting her, having read the article in which she claimed to be a Warhol superstar. Andy told Paul to be careful after the camera incident, but Paul used her anyway. (HWix)
According to an interview that Holly Woodlawn gave to Patrick Smith, Andy Warhol and Paul Morrissey noticed Holly in the chorus of 'A Reindeer Girl' - an Off Broadway play written by JACKIE CURTIS at the Theatre of Ridiculous (Charles Ludlum and John Vacario). Holly: "Well, Andy and Paul Morrissey saw the show, and they asked me to be in Trash. So, I was plucked from the chorus to be in my first movie after my first play." (PS523)
A SATURDAY AFTERNOON IN OCTOBER 1969: PAUL MORRISSEY BEGINS SHOOTING TRASH.
Morrissey started filming TRASH in the basement of his brownstone on 6th Street between First and Second Avenue on the Lower East Side.
JED JOHNSON was the films entire crew, functioning as gofer, gaffer, grip and editor". (HW134) Paul, who was against drugs, wanted Trash to deglamourize drug taking. (POP297) The original title planned for the film was Drug Trash, but it was decided it was too obvious. (BC35)
Although HOLLY WOODLAWN was only supposed to do one scene, the rushes were so good that Paul asked her back to do more. (HW139) Holly was paid the usual fee for acting in a Warhol film - $25.00 a day. When they finished shooting her footage, Holly celebrated by using her final payment of $25.00 on heroin. (HW146)
(According to Victor Bockris, Trash was shot during the first two weeks of December, 1969 (LD328) - however, this contradicts Joe Dallesandro and Holly Woodlawn who both remember the month as October.)
Hollywood actress, Sissy Spacek, unknown at the time, also appeared in Trash although her scene was later cut:
"I was in Andy's Trash when I was a teenager... "I didn't mind [that the scene was cut], because I really saw myself as a singer. I went under the name Rainbo. I had this single called John Lennon, You Went Too Far This Time, about John and Yoko [Ono] posing nude on their album cover." (NYD)
Trash also featured the Warhol screen debut of another teenager - 16 year old Jane Forth. (LD)
Paul & Jane & Joe
NOVEMBER 1969: ANDY WARHOL'S INTERVIEW IS PUBLISHED.
The first issue of Inter/VIEW, A Monthly Film Journal featured a photograph of VIVA naked on the cover with her (also naked) co-stars JAMES RADO and JEROME RAGNI (of Hair fame) from Lions Love, directed by Agnes Varda - "an intellectual film trying to be commercial" (BC6). Warhol star JACKIE CURTIS wrote a love-life advice column in early issues. (BC98)
Andy Warhol would later say that he started a magazine "to give Brigid [Berlin] something to do." (BC6)
c. NOVEMBER 1969: HOLLYWOODLAWN IS CAST IN COCKSTRONG.
Although HOLLY WOODLAWN recalled being cast for Cockstrong (written by Tom Murrin and directed by John Vaccaro) in November 1969 in her autobiography, The Holly Woodlawn Story: A Low Life in High Heels, there were two productions of the play at La Mama, neither of which took place in November. One opened on June 19, 1969 and the other on March 5, 1970, with Son of Cockstrong opening on February 20, 1970.
Music for the play was provided by the Silver Apples. Their account of their involvement with Cockstrong can be read here.
"In November 1969 John Vaccaro cast me in the chorus of his latest play, Cockstrong. I was thrilled to be on the stage again and managed to get Johnny [Holly's boyfriend] a job as an assistant to the company. I'd rehearse with the company during the afternoons in Vaccaro's loft in the East Village near St. Mark's Place. Once we had wrapped for the day, I'd flutter off to Max's with Johnny in tow for the five o'clock business buffet.
I would sit in the front and order a carafe of white wine or I'd occupy a banquette. I was now Miss Holly Woodlawn, and Miss [Candy] Darling appreciated neither Miss [Jackie] Curtis or myself at this point because she had become a snotty blonde. She had also grown green with envy over my success with Trash, and was rather miffed that I was now a rival...
Well, I might've impressed the impresarios at the Factory, but I wasn't doing so well on the stage. After two weeks in rehearsal for Cockstrong, I was thrown out of the company.
'There are no stars in the Playhouse of the Ridiculous,' proclaimed Vaccaro, shaking from head to toe, inflamed with anger. I had made the mistake of showing up to rehearsal late once too often and Vaccaro exploded into his usual tyrannical tirade, screaming at the top of his lungs, 'I will not put up with psychotic drag queens!' Get out! Get out, I say! Out!'
Later at Max's JACKIE CURTIS congratulated Holly for having been kicked out of the production. According to Holly, Jackie "had been tossed out of the company herself about a year earlier. Not only did Vaccaro toss her out of the company, he tossed her out of her own play!" (HW152-3)
LATE 1969: ANDY WARHOL RENTS HIS SUPERSTARS.
Andy Warhol offered to rent out his superstars, saying This way, they can take the art home, have a party for it, show it to their friends, take Polaroids of it (which I will sign), make tape-recordings. And after the week is over, theyll still have anecdotes. JOE DALLESANDRO costs $4,500 per week. (JOE6)
END 1969: VALERIE SOLANAS THREATENS ANDY WARHOL.
Andy Warhol got a letter from VERA CRUISE whod been sent to Matteawan for car theft and was seeing a lot of VALERIE [Solanas] who was in the same prison.
According to Vera, Valerie Solanas talked about getting Andy Warhol when she got out of prison. (POP286)