Andy Warhol Chronology
by Gary Comenas
Andy Warhol meets Andrea Feldman, Geraldine Smith, Patti D'Arbanville, Viva, Joe Dallesandro, Candy Darling and Jackie Curtis. Andy Warhol produces the Velvet Underground and Nico album. Ciao Manhattan is planned. The Chelsea Girls plays Los Angeles. The Velvet Underground play the Gym. The Chelsea Girls goes to Cannes. The Chelsea Girls is raided in Boston. Lou Reed fires Andy Warhol and Nico. Gerard Malanga leaves the Factory. Jackie Curtis does Glamour, Glory and Gold. Fred Hughes joins the Factory. Andy Warhol films Imitation of Christ, I A Man and Four Stars. Andy Warhol has an affair with Rod La Rod. Valerie Solanas copyrights the Scum Manifesto. Ultra Violet meets Jackie Curtis. Allen MIdgette impersonates Andy Warhol. Conquest of the Universe opens. Andy Warhol's Index Book is published. Four Stars is shown. Andy Warhol gets evicted. Andy Warhol falls in love with Jed Johnson.
JANUARY 2 - 14, 1967: THE VELVET UNDERGROUND AND NICO PERFORM AT STEVE PAUL'S THE SCENE.
Susan Pile [from a letter to Ed Walsh]:
"Mary [Woronov] wasn’t at the Scene that night, so Gerard asked me to dance along with the multitude of groovers. As the Velvets were taking the stage, I told Gerard it was time for him to captivate, but - no - since he wasn’t being paid for dancing, he wasn’t about to bless them with a dying swan and I must continue to rock out with him.
OK, so we assume the dance floor in preparation for hot bopping when suddenly strobelights flick on, audience hushes--”Venus in Furs”--and Gerard pulls out the whip.
Yes, flagellation unmitigated, unpredicted, undesired. I was acutely embarrassed and flew into a cab back to school as soon as I found a replacement..." (S)
JANUARY 1967: THE CHELSEA GIRLS MOVES TO THE YORK CINEMA ON THE EAST SIDE.
Warhol had an distribution deal for the film with the Film-Makers Distribution Center (FDC), headed by JONAS MEKAS, SHIRLEY CLARKE, and LUIS BRIGANTE, to split the net profits fifty-fifty. (POP203)
Andy Warhol (via Pat Hackett in Popism):
The FDC was getting calls from commercial distributors who wanted to handle it [The Chelsea Girls] nationally, but the FDC had already made their own arrangements with the Art Theater Guild, which had art houses all across the country. (POP203)
We were thrilled to have the attention of Hollywood - now it was only a matter of time, we felt, before 'somebody out there' would want to finance some of our breakthroughs... I mean, wed done My Hustler back in 65 and now here Hollywood was in 67 just getting ready to shoot a movie called Midnight Cowboy about a male hustler in New York City. (POP204)
ca. 1967: ANDY WARHOL MEETS ANDREA FELDMAN , GERALDINE SMITH AND PATTI D'ARBANVILLE.
All three - Andrea Feldman, Geraldine Smith and Patti D'Arbanville - were friends with each other and regulars at Maxs Kansas City. Andrea would appear in Imitation of Christ, Trash and Heat. Geraldine Smith and Patti D'Arbanville were in Flesh. (Excerpts from an interview with Patti D'Arbanville appear here.)
Jackie Curtis and Andrea Feldman
outside Max's Kansas City
(photo: Anton Perich)
FEBRUARY - MAY 1967: ANDY WARHOL'S THIRTEEN MOST WANTED MEN SILKSCREENS ARE EXHIBITED AT THE ILEANA SONNABEND GALLERY IN PARIS.
See SPRING 1964: MOST WANTED MEN AT THE WORLD'S FAIR.
MARCH 1967: THE VELVET UNDERGOUND RELEASE THEIR FIRST ALBUM.
Andy Warhol was credited as "producer" on The Velvet Underground and Nico album. The album's release had been delayed because a special machine had to be made to manufacture the original cover, designed by Warhol, of a banana that could be peeled. (UT105)
Newspapers and magazines refused to take ads for for the album because of the controversial nature of the songs dealing with drugs and sadomasochism - apart from Grove Press' alternative publication, the Evergreen Review. The majority of radio stations refused to play it.
ERIC EMERSON sued MGM for putting his picture on the back cover without a release. MGM withdrew the album for six weeks while they airbrushed Eric's face off the cover.
LOU REED decided not to play again in New York because of the reaction to the album. He did not play New York again until 1970. (LR142-4)
MARCH 31 - APRIL 1, 1967: THE VELVET UNDERGROUND PERFORM AT THE RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN, PROVINCETOWN.
SPRING 1967: CIAO MANHATTAN IS PLANNED.
CHUCK WEIN, GENEVIEVE CHARBIN, GINO PISERCHIO, JOHN PALMER and DAVID WEISMAN met to plan a non-Warhol film starring EDIE SEDGWICK and PAUL AMERICA. The film became Ciao Manhattan. (CNB)
Pat Hartley and Edie Sedgwick
in Ciao Manhattan
APRIL 1967: THE CHELSEA GIRLS OPENS IN L.A.
Andy Warhol and entourage flew to L.A. for the opening of THE CHELSEA GIRLS at the Cinema Theatre. His entourage included PAUL MORRISSEY, SUSAN BOTTOMLY (INTERNATIONAL VELVET), LESTER PERSKY, JOHN WILCOCK, ULTRA VIOLET (ISABELLE COLLIN DUFRESNE), and ROD LA ROD (Andy's 'boyfriend'). For one radio interview - the Radio Oz` show on KPFK - International Velvet pretended to be Andy. (DB254)
APRIL 7- 8, 1967: THE VELVET UNDERGROUND PLAY THE GYMNASIUM.
The son of the Dom's Polish owner approached Andy Warhol with the idea of a new club in New York called The Gymnasium. The venue, located in the East 70s, was originally a Czechoslovakian health and social club. The gym equipment would be left out for the nightclubbers to use. But without an exclusive lease and a poor location, the club failed. (UT111)
MAY 1967:THE VELVET UNDERGROUND PARTICIPATE IN THE EPI FOR THE LAST TIME.
The Velvet Underground performed in Andy Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable show for the last time at Steve Paul's The Scene nightclub. (UT123)
SPRING 1967: THE CHELSEA GIRLS GOES TO CANNES.
ANDY WARHOL, PAUL MORRISSEY, NICO, GERARD, LESTER PERSKY, RODNEY LA ROD, DAVID CROLAND, INTERNATIONAL VELVET and ERIC EMERSON took THE CHELSEA GIRLS to the Cannes Festival but never got to show it. (POP211/DB254).
According to Victor Bockris, he person in charge of screening the Critics' Choice films, Louis Marquerelle, decided not to show the film. Marquerelle was already nervous about the "dirty language" in another film that year - the English production of James Joyce's Ulysses. (LD269) Paul Morrissey recalls that the Cannes Festival organizers were afraid to show The Chelsea Girls because they feared a scandal over ten seconds of male nudity that the Festival officials had heard was in the film. (GB135)
After Cannes, Warhol and his entourage went to Paris, Rome and London. Taylor Mead, who had left New York in 1964 to live in Europe, saw The Chelsea Girls at the Cinematheque in Paris and later gave it as the reason he decided to return to New York.
When Warhol and his entourage reached London, they privately screened The Chelsea Girls at the home of Warhol's (gay) art dealer, ROBERT FRASER.
Andys most vivid memory of London was of RODNEY LA ROD leaping onto PAUL MCCARTNEYs lap the second he met him... (POP241) Rodney LaRod was Warhol's boyfriend at the time.
While the others returned to New York, David Croland and Susan Bottomly decided to go back to Paris for awhile and Eric Emerson stayed in London at Robert Fraser's home.
Andy Warhol and Rod La Rod
c. MAY/JUNE 1967. ANDY WARHOL FILMS IMITATION OF CHRIST.
Andy Warhol shot IMITATION OF CHRIST the day after Taylor Mead returned to New York from having lived abroad. (POP)
According to Debra Miller in Billy Name Stills From The Warhol Films, Warhol filmed Imitation of Christ in January 1967 and shot sixteen 32 minute reels. The long version was shown once in November 1967 and then withdrawn from circulation. A month later it appeared as a segment in ****. In late 1969 Warhol and Paul Morrissey condensed it to 105 minutes and re-released it. (BN104)
In addition to Taylor Mead, Imitation of Christ featured Ondine, Brigid Berlin, Andrea Feldman, Nico and a former child actor named PATRICK TILDEN CLOSE who played the boy Elliot Roosevelt in Sunrise at Campobello with Ralph Bellamy and Greer Garson. (POP241) In Sunrise he was credited as Pat Close. (imdb)
Patrick Tilden Close
in Imitation of Christ
Patrick Tilden Close also had an affair with Edie Sedgwick.
"After Dino [Valente], Edie was very much in love with Patrick Tilden. He was Bob Dylan's best friend. Bob had been staying at the Castle before the Velvet Underground moved there.
When Edie and Patrick fell in love, I thought it was a very romantic thing. She lived downstairs in Severn Darden's old room, the spookiest room of all. It was haunted. There was a pentangle in the entrance. I heard the shrieks and funny noises... I hear things rather than feel them. Every morning at four, at the same spot, somebody... the ghost... would make this noise like a broomstick pounding on the floor." (EDIE349)
The Castle was in the Hollywood Hills and was often rented by rock bands. Warhol and his entourage had stayed there in May 1966 when the EPI played The Trip in L.A. Edie and Nico also stayed there without the rest of the Warhol crowd in the summer of 1967 - prior to when the Warhol crowd arrived in L.A. again to hype The Chelsea Girls during a run at the Presidio cinema in late August 1967.
MAY 30, 1967: THE CHELSEA GIRLS IS RAIDED IN BOSTON.
It was raided by the Boston vice squad detectives at the Symphony Cinema II, where it had been playing for 2 1/2 weeks. The manager of the cinema was found guilty of four charges of obscenity and fined $500.00 for each charge. Andy was delighted as it meant that he would be able to advertise the film as 'banned in Boston', "traditionally a publicist's dream". (DB254)
1967: LOU REED FIRES ANDY WARHOL AND NICO.
Andy Warhol took NICO to a performance of the Velvet Underground in Boston so she could join them onstage. They arrived late and LOU REED refused to let her go onstage.
Nico: "Everybody wanted to be the star. Of course Lou always was. But the newspapers came to me all the time. That's how I got fired - he couldn't take that anymore. He fired me." (LR145)
Andy arranged a meeting with Lou Reed. According to Reed, he fired Andy at the meeting. Warhol let him out of his contract with no argument, but still expected to be paid his 25% of the royalties from the Velvet Underground music created under his management. Warhol never saw any of the money. (LR146)
JULY 1967: THE FARM BECOMES THE CIRCUS.
The Balloon Farm, which had previously been The Dom, was renamed The Electric Circus. Albert Grossman sold his lease on the Balloon Farm to JERRY BRANDT for "a lot of money" (UT135) Brandt re-named the venue the Electric Circus. The space previously known as "Erics Fuck Room" - a small alcove with a couple of mattresses used by Eric Emerson - became the "Meditation Room" - with carpeted platforms, Astro turf and a health food bar. (POP215)
LATE JULY 1967: ANDY WARHOL FILMS I, A MAN.
I, A MAN was shot in late July and opened in August at the Hudson Theatre, where MY HUSTLER played. It was a series of scenes of this guy, Tom [Baker], seeing six different women in one day in New York, having sex with some, talking with some, fighting with some." (POP228) Valerie Solanas, who would later shoot Warhol, played a small speaking role.
According to Ultra Violet, who had a conversation with Solanas at the time of the filming, Valerie said to her, "Love can only exist between two secure, freewheeling, groovy female females. Love is for chicks. Why do you let him exploit you? Why don't you sink a shiv into his chest or ram an ice pick up his ass?" (UV169)
Tom Baker and Cynthia May
in I A Man
I, A Man was a 100 minute, black and white sound film, featuring Tom Baker, Ivy Nicholson, Ingrid Superstar, , Cynthia May, Betina Coffin, Ultra Violet, Nico and Valerie Solanas. Valerie would later attempt to kill Warhol by shooting him in 1968.
AUGUST 4 1967: ANDY WARHOL MEETS VIVA (AGAIN)
Warhol ran into Viva at a party held by BETSY JOHNSON - who was engaged to JOHN CALE. John Cale and Betsy started living together when they were both staying at the Hotel Chelsea - later moving to Johnson's loft on La Guardia Place - living together for a year before getting married in April 1968. (UT113)
"... I remember Terry Riley and his peanut butter 'Eat Me Out', being around a lot, and La Monte Young. Nico under the sink! Nico used to come over and live under my big stainless steel sink. And the whole loft was just music. We had a little bed in the corner." (UT115)
"In the Fall of 1967 I moved in with Martha Dargan and her brother Tom on East 2nd Street. John moved in with Betsey at the Chelsea somewhere around this time, and Lou was here and there, mostly on Perry Street, and later at the loft on Seventh Avenue and 31st Street. Maureen [Tucker] was living on Fifth Avenue and 9th Street." (UT144)
At Johnson's party, Viva cornered Andy and asked if she could be in his next film. At the party she told Andy that she was in love with JOHN CHAMBERLAIN, the sculptor, but that he was in love with ULTRA VIOLET. According to Warhol, she also said that shed just done a nude scene in a movie Chuck Wein was filming, 'Ciao, Manhattan', (see Edie bio). Viva asked Warhol if he was planning to do a new movie soon to which he replied that they would be shooting one the next day and gave her the address of where they were going to shoot. (POP229)
The next day Viva arrived at the location and appeared in THE LOVES OF ONDINE (originally a part of **** but eventually released as a separate feature).
AUGUST 1967: ANDY WARHOL MEETS JOE DALLESANDRO.
Warhol met Joe when Joe wandered by mistake into the apartment in the Village where PAUL MORRISSEY and Andy were shooting a reel for THE LOVES OF ONDINE. They asked him to be in the film. (POP239) Joe was working as a cutter in a bookbindery. (JOE20) He eventually ended up appearing in more Warhol films, although not a keen fan of Andys art, saying about it: Its worth something to somebody who thinks its worth something. (JOE23)
AUGUST 1967: ANDY MEETS CANDY AND JACKIE.
Jackie later told Warhol how she met Candy in the same area.
AUGUST 1967: GERARD MALANGA LEAVES THE FACTORY.
Gerard Malanga went to Italy to show his own film, In Search Of The Miraculous, at the Bergamo International Film Festival. Gerard's film was about three generations of the Barzini family. (UT137) Malanga had met the model Benedetta Barzini at Robert Rauschenberg's loft on Saturday, February 6, 1966 and had become obsessed by her. (GMW49)
LATE AUG. 1967: ANDY WARHOL AND ENTOURAGE TRAVEL TO CALIFORNIA FOR OPENING OF THE CHELSEA GIRLS.
The account in Popism of this trip begins "When Chelsea Girls opened at the Presidio Theater in L.A. in late August '67, Paul, Ultra, Ondine, Billy, and I flew to California for personal appearances." (POP231) It continues with " NICO was already there staying at the Castle in L.A. during the summer with JIM MORRISON, but she'd gone off with BRIAN JONES to the Monterey Festival... Edie stayed at the Castle a little while that summer, too..." (POP232)
The rest of the account, however, is devoted to a trip to San Francisco. The reference to the "Presidio Theater in L.A." may, in fact, be the Presidio Theater in San Francisco - a venue which showed mostly adult films and, less frequently, the odd art-house film. D.A. Pennebacker's film on Bob Dylan, Don't Look Back had opened there on 17 May 1967.
Blogger Richard Lewis, has written an account of a trip he made to San Francisco in 1967. He includes a trip to the Presidio Theater for the premiere of The Chelsea Girls.
Andy Warhol and Ultra Violet at the Presidio Theater
in San Francisco, 1967 (Photo: Richard Lewis)
"... in my final week on the West Coast I made two trips to each of the different theatres run by The Committee. First to see their production of “America Hurrah” on Montgomery Street and then two days later to their “Improvised Satirical Revue” with Carl Gottlieb on Broadway... In between my trips to the theatre I watched Mimi Farina on TV from Golden Gate Park singing Tuli Kupferberg’s “Morning” and Dino Valente’s “Lets Get Together”. I also made a final trip to the Fillmore to see The Byrds.
My last outing before I was due to head back to New York was to go to watch the crowd outside the Presidio Cinema for the Premiere of Andy Warhol’s The Chelsea Girls. Sure enough a large American automobile arrived and out got Andy Warhol, Ultra Violet and Nico. They stood around for photos and then went in where they chatted to the audience and had a cup of coffee and generally hung out and made themselves available to anyone who wanted a word or a picture. On Monday September 11th I took a Greyhound east and three days later arrived back in New York..."
Lewis mentions Mimi Farina's television appearance and a performance by the Byrds at the Fillmore. Mimi Farina's TV appearance was on August 24, 1967. The Byrds played the Fillmore on the 7th, 8th and 9th of September 1967. (http://www.richardandmimi.com/mimi-filmography.html/http://byrdsflyght.ucoz.com/index/concerts_1967/0-8)
Popism also claims that during the trip to California they did lectures at colleges and also shot some footage for BIKE BOY. (POP235)
Joe Spencer takes a shower
in Bike Boy
ca. SEPT. 1967: GLAMOUR GLORY AND GOLD.
The first performance of JACKIE CURTIS' play, Glamour, Glory and Gold took place with Melba LaRose playing the lead role of Nola Noonan.
A second production would take place in 1968, with Paula Shaw playing Nola Noonan. In the second production, Robert DeNiro played the men's roles for which he received a rave review in the Village Voice. (HW97/C/MLR)
Other Jackie Curtis plays included Lucky Wonderful performed in 1968 at the Bastianos Theatre, Heaven Grand in Amber Orbit performed by the Playhouse of the Ridiculous in 1969 and Vain Victory produced by LaMama in 1971. Jackie Curtis's last two productions were I Died Yesterday (the Frances Farmer story) in 1984 and Champagne in 1985. (JCC)
AUTUMN 1967: HENRY GELDZAHLER BRINGS FRED HUGHES TO THE FACTORY.
Henry Geldzahler and Fred Hughes shared the elevator to the Factory with ONDINE who Henry introduced as "the greatest actor in underground cinema today. " Ondine replied, Im so glad you said that, because most people confuse me with being a vulgar pig.(POP215/LD280)
AUTUMN 1967: ANDY WARHOL TOURS CAMPUSES WITH ROD LA ROD.
Andy Warhol and entourage went on a film/lecture tour of college campuses. ROD LA ROD, Andys boyfriend at the time, was with them and was described by a newspaper as an Alabama man with shoulder-length brown hair. He claims to have two gods, Governor Wallace and Warhol, whom he calls The Great White Father. (UV) Warhol's entourage also included Paul Morrissey and Viva who answered questions from the students after showing Warhol's films.
"Andy stood on the stage, blushing and silent, while Paul Morrissey, the professor, delivered a totally intellectual anti-intellectual rapid-paced fifteen minute mini-lecture putting down art films, hippies and marijuana, saying things like 'At least heroin doesn't change your personality.' Then I... answered questions - 'The reason we make these movies is because it's fun, especially the dirty parts' - and advised them to drop out of school. Then I would rant about everybody in authority." (LD278)
OCT. 1967: NICOS FIRST ALBUM IS RELEASED.
Chelsea Girl was Nico's first solo album. Recorded in April/May 1967, it was produced by Tom Wilson and featured Jackson Browne on some of the tracks. Nico had met Browne while performing at the Balloon Farm and they had a brief affair.
OCT. 1967: VALERIE COPYRIGHTS SCUM.
In addition to the SCUM Manifesto (Society to Cut Up Men), Valerie Solanas also wrote a play called Up Your Ass. MAURICE GIRODIAS, publisher of Olympia Press (who had to leave France after violating their pornography laws), gave her a six hundred dollar advance on a novel she wanted to write based on SCUM. Grove Press turned down her play, which she also submitted to Andy Warhol. (UV184/185)
1967: ULTRA VIOLET MEETS JACKIE CURTIS.
Jackie took Ultra to Jackies grandmothers bar Slugger Ann on 2nd Avenue where Ultra meets CANDY DARLING (who is working there as a barmaid) for the first time. Candy was wearing a bra and shorts and carried a see-through bag in which a tampax was prominently displayed. (UV128/9)
OCTOBER 1967: ALLEN MIDGETTE IMPERSONATES ANDY WARHOL.
Andy got into trouble when he sent ALLEN MIDGETTE out to colleges in Utah and Oregon for public appearances as Andy. The colleges didn't realize it was somebody else until four months later when somebody at one of the colleges compared a photo that appeared in the Voice with one that hed taken of Allen on the podium. Andy had to go back to the colleges and appear as himself. (POP247-8)
MID-NOVEMBER 1967: CONQUEST OF THE UNIVERSE OPENS.
CHARLES LUDLAMs play, Conquest of the Universe opened at the Bouwerie Lane Theatre on the Bowery. ULTRA VIOLET played Natolia, a queen from Saturn who spoke Middle English. ONDINE, who shot up speed before going onstage, played Zabina, a queen from Mars. (UV124) Also in the cast were TAYLOR MEAD, CLAUDE PURVIS, BEVERLY GRANT, MARY WORONOV, LYNN REYNER and FRANKIE FRANCINE. (POP250)
See Conquest of the Ridiculous: Ronald Tavel, John Vaccaro and Charles Ludlam
VERA CRUZ became obsessed with Mary and stalked her during the run of Conquest. When Vera followed her to the 14th Street IRT subway station, Mary attempted to kill her by pushing her onto the tracks when she heard a train coming. Vera escaped death when the train arrived on the other side of the platform - as it was an express train. (MW16)
1967: THE ROLLING STONES RELEASE SATANIC.
The Rolling Stones released the album, Their Satanic Majesties Request. CANDY DARLING had met the Stones in the Hotel Albert, a cheap hotel on 10th Street and Fifth Avenue and, according to Candy, they mentioned her in the song, In the Citadel. (POP251)
END 1967: AMERICA GETS PAID FOR MY HUSTLER.
From Andy Warhol Screen Tests: The Films of Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonne, Volume One (Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonne) by Callie Angell:
"At the end of 1967, after a brief spell in the U.S. Army, [Paul] America obtained some legal assistance and convinced Warhol to reimburse him retroactively for his role in the by-then commercially successful My Hustler; America reportedly received $1,000 in several installments." (AD29)
DEC. 1967: THE INDEX BOOK IS PUBLISHED.
Andy Warhol's Index Book, now a collector's item, contained interviews with various superstars and a NICO interview on flexidisc with VELVET UNDERGROUND music in the background. (LR153)
DECEMBER 1967: **** IS SHOWN FOR ONE TIME ONLY.
Andy Warhols film, **** (aka Four Stars) was screened at the Cinematheque - the only time they ever showed all twenty-five consecutive hours of it.
END 1967: ANDY WARHOL GETS EVICTED.
Andy Warhol received notice from the landlord that the building the Factory was in was being torn down. PAUL MORRISSEY found another loft at 33 Union Square. Paul was stripping wood at the new Factory when he met JED JOHNSON who would later become Andy's boyfriend.
Jed Johnson (left) with
his twin brother, Jay
(photo: Francesco Scavullo)
Paul would sometimes go over to Union Square in the mornings to strip wood before coming up to 47th Street. One morning when he was down at 33, a young kid delivered a Western Union telegram there, at just about the time Paul was realizing that there were just too many painted wood surfaces for one person to do alone. When he noticed that the messenger was well mannered, he started up a conversation and found out his name was Jed Johnson, that he had just arrived in New York from Sacramento, and that he and his twin brother, Jay, were living right across the park in a fifth-floor walk-up on 17th Street. Paul hired him to help get the place in shape. (POP264)