Andy Warhol's Bike Boy (1967)
by Gary Comenas (2006/revised 2014)
(filmed August 1967)
Ed Hood/Brigid Polk (Berlin)/Joe
Ingrid Superstar/Anne Wehrer/Viva
Poster for the London screening of Andy Warhol's Bike Boy in 1968
Bike Boy, according to Andy Warhol, was the film that inspired Richard Gere to become an actor.
Andy Warhol (16 September 1979): "Went to Lester Persky's Yanks party at Trader Vic's. It turned out to be a really intimate dinner for only about fourteen people. Lester arrived with Richard Gere, and John Schlesinger arrived and Tommy Dean... Richard Gere said that ten years ago he came in on a bus from New Jersey and went to see our movie Bike Boy in the Village, and he said from then on he's been trying to be an actor - it took him eleven years, he said." (AWD240)
Bike Boy was shot during the summer of 1967 and opened at the Hudson Theatre near Times Square in October of the same year after a six-week run of I, a Man. Originally, it was 95 minutes long but the original print has never been found. The uncut full length footage originally shot for the film was included in the 25 hour version of **** (Four Stars). The footage from **** was later cut into a second, longer version of Bike Boy which opened in July 1968 on a double bill with Nude Restaurant at the New Andy Warhol Garrick Theater in July 1968. It is this 109 minute version which exists today. (FAW33)
According to Tony Scherman and David Dalton in Pop: The Genius of Warhol (NY: HarperCollins, 2009), Warhol began screening his films at the Hudson Theatre after its manager approached him for "sexploitation" films:
Tony Scherman/David Dalton:
"In early summer 1967, Maury Maurer, the manager of West 44th Street's Hudson Theatre, which specialized in racy features for gay men, approached Warhol and Morrissey. Maurer wanted Warhol films for the 'sexploitation,' or soft-core porn, market, a product of censorship's slackening grip." (SC382)
The first of the "sexploitation" films at the Hudson was My Hustler, followed by I, A Man (named after the classic 1965 porn film, I, A Woman), Bike Boy and Nude Restaurant. An ad for Bike Boy was featured on the front cover of the February 1968 issue of Confidential magazine to illustrate their article on "Homosexual Action Movies:"
David Bourdon (Warhol):
"The February 1968 issue of Confidential, the scandal-mongering monthly magazine that claimed it 'tells the facts and names the names,' ran a photograph of Warhol and a Bike Boy ad on its cover in connection with an article headlined, 'Coming Homosexual Action Movies.' Reproducing ads for Bike Boy and My Hustler, the article claimed that the latter film signalled 'the advent of a swarm of raw homosexual movies - aimed at both men and women sex deviates'... Andy, far from being embarrassed about appearing on the cover of Confidential (his relatives in Pittsburgh were mortified), thought it was 'just great.' (DB261)
Despite being labelled a "homosexual action movie" by Confidential, Bike Boy, as with Warhol's other "sexploitation" films, isn't very sexual. It's largely a series of conversations in which Warhol's superstars mock Joe Spencer - the bike boy.
J.J. Murphy (The Black Hole of the Camera: The Films of Andy Warhol):
Bike Boy begins with a close-up of Spencer's face. In a series of strobe cuts that focus mostly on his muscular upper torso and other parts of his body including his genital area, we watch Joe take a very long shower... Spencer then has a series of episodic encounters. In a clothing store two salesmen (art students Bruce Haines and George McKittrich) dress him in an outlandish outfit made of chains, so he ends up looking like a gladiator. They whip him lightly with a belt, deliberately prolong the measurement of the inseam on his pants, and spray him with fruity-smelling cologne... Besides the gay clothing salesmen, Ed Hood plays a florist. Pretending to be a friend, he ridicules the swastika on Joe's arm by connecting him via a Daily News headline to the slain American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell, and reveals the fact that Joe doesn't actually have a working motorcycle. He also goads Joe into an outrageous description of engaging in bestiality with sheep." (JJM200)
There is no "bike" in this film. Just a bike boy. After his run-in with Hood, Spencer has scenes with a variety of female superstars - Ingrid Superstar, Anne Wehrer, Brigid Berlin and Viva. All mock him with subtle comments that he doesn't seem to realize are mocking him. But he does make an effort at defending himself with Viva and Brigid - he calls Brigid a lesbian and Viva a cold little bitch. Viva and Spencer attempt to engage in sexual activity without much success.
"After a smoke, Joe disrobes Viva, who lies naked while he also strips. In various strobe cuts, Warhol has Spencer repeat the action of pulling off his pants. Joe stands up naked. The action repeats. He keeps giving Viva a drag from his cigarette, but as he stands, the limpness of his penis is obvious. The camera frames only his lower torso, emphasizing his buttocks as he stands over her. He then sits down next to her on the couch. We see his naked body in the foreground of the shot as Viva's hands embrace him and she looks up at him. She begins to laugh. When he asks why she's laughing at him, Viva tells him, 'I'm not laughing at you at all... Well, I'm just laughing because you're so funny' Joe responds, 'Funny? I ain't funny.' The film abruptly ends on his line." (JJM202)
Glyn Davis examines the film in reference to biker films in general in the British Film Institute's publication, Warhol in Ten Takes:
Although Bike Boy 'fails' as generic biker film just as it 'fails' as sexploitation, the film's foregrounding of erotically charged imagery and flirtatious dynamics, and the ways in which its content nods to the subculture of bikers, inserts the film into a complex web of representations that harness together gay men and the macho iconography of the biker...
The history of the U.S. biker movie is relatively brief. Mainstream cinema's The Wild One (1953), starring Marlon Brando as the leader of a biker gang who harass the citizens of a small town called Wrightsville, set out of a template... The Wild One was followed by a small number of independently produced titles manufactured for the teenage market such as Motorcycle Gang (1957). The media coverage of the Hell's Angels in the mid-1960s, however, contributed to the development of a considerable, but short-lived biker film exploitation cycle. Roger Corman's The Wild Angels (1966) is usually identified as the inaugurating text of this group, with the mainstream success of the 'New Hollywood' film Easy Rider (1969), and its pessimistic conclusion about the countercultural dream, sounding its death knell. However, biker exploitation films continued to be made into the 1970s, becoming increasingly hybrid in form: The Black Angels (1970) is both blaxploitation and biker flick; the title of Werewolves on Wheels (1971) is self-explanatory; the extraordinary The Pink Angels (1971) features campy cross-dressing bikers en route to a cotillion. Although there has been the occasional title since this flurry of activity - both 'trash,' such as Chopper Chicks in Zombietown (1989) and mainstream, such as Wild Hogs (2007) - the main cycle crashed and burned by the mid-1970s." (GN91)
Davis also makes note of the inclusion of "elements of Nazism" such as Joe Spencer's swastika tattoo, writing "The Nazi/biker association is much more explicitly depicted in Kenneth Anger's avant-garde Scorpio Rising (1963)." (GN172) Warhol would definitely have been aware of Kenneth Anger due to the screenings of his films at Jonas Mekas' Film-Makers' Cinematheque and it may be that this served as an influence in regard to Bike Boy - although, as Davis points out, the "homoerotics of the biker culture" started before Scorpio Rising.
Scorpio Rising may have been the first queer 'art' underground film to highlight the homoerotics of biker culture. However, the iconography of the biker - the stylised clothing, the homosocial male gang, the machines themselves - had for a number of years, already been eroticised by photographers and illustrators producing imagery specifically for subcultural consumption by a gay male audience. Some of the photographs taken in the 1950s by Bob Mizer and Tom Nicoll, working in the US and UK respectively, featured muscular men in various states of undress, standing next to or sitting astride motorbikes. Tom of Finland began drawing bikers in 1954; he regularly drew men on motorbikes, often decked out in full clone leathers." (GN173)
Coincidentally, one of the the people who posed for Mizer was Joe Dallesandro prior to his involvement with Warhol. Dallesandro made his debut in the Warhol film The Loves of Ondine which Callie Angell has also labelled a Warhol "sexploitation" film.
One could argue that Bike Boy says more about Warhol's superstars than it does about the bike boy. The way they subtly mock Joe Spencer as though he's not "in" with the "in crowd" also makes him seem more "real" than them. He lacks their hubris. Rather than the superstars mocking Spencer, could it be that Warhol was mocking the egos of his superstars? Was the joke on Spencer or on them? Who is more likable at the end of the film?
Bike Boy got a notoriously bad review in the New York Times:
Bike Boy (1967)
Screen: More Warhol 'Bike Boy' Opens at the Hudson Theater
By HOWARD THOMPSON
Published: October 6, 1967
ANDY WARHOL is back with another of those super-bores, this one called "Bike Boy." It opened yesterday at the Hudson Theater. It belongs in the Hudson River.
Once more, a group of unappetizing young people slouch around in front of the camera, talking primarily about sex, directly or obliquely. The language is even filthier than in Mr. Warhol's "I a Man." The color is infinitely better, or less bad. The picture is carefully punctuated with nudity, primarily male and some of it complete.
The object of pursuit this time by the cast and a fascinated camera is Joe Spencer, a muscular youth with an angelic face and an early-Brando dese-dem-and-dose personality and vocabulary. Mr. Spencer is trying to find himself, see? All the others are trying to find him.
The picture opens with a kind of dressing-room male peep show as two purring homosexual clothiers watch some customers try on gaudy beach attire. Then in struts Mr. Spencer, as a motorcyclist. There is some perverse humor as the twittering clothiers flutter around the new customer. But for the remainder of the film, which uncoils for two hours, the hero babbles incessantly and obscenely about his sexual prowess, capacity and versatility. He also recounts in detail an act of bestiality.
Those in the film include Bettina Coffin, who was in "I a Man;" Ingrid Superstar, as a hearty Lesbian; Ann Wehrer as a Coke-swilling blonde and Vera Cruz as a food-obsessed neurotic. The prize nut of all, played by Viva, finally lands Mr. Spencer, which may account for the actress's name.
The fade-out shows the hero languidly and lovingly soaping himself under a shower. "Bike Boy" needs a lot of soap.
BIKE BOY, written photographed, produced and directed by Andy Warhol. At the Hudson Theater, 44th Street east of Broadway. Running time: 96 minutes.
Motorcyclist . . . . . Joe Spencer
His Buddy . . . . . . .Ed Wiener
Fellow Cyclist . . . .Vera Cruz
Older Women . . . Ingrid Superstar and Ann Wehrer
First Salesman . . George Ann
The reviews were apparently better in Los Angeles - judging from the comments that appeared on the ad when it played there: