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Abstract Expressionism
by Gary Comenas

abstract expressionism

| 1800-1899 | 1900-1909 | 1910-1919 | 1920-1924 | 1925-1927 | 1928-1929 | 1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939 |
| 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 (a) | 1945 (b) | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 (a) | 1948 (b) | 1949 | 1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954 | 1955 |
| 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970-1974 | 1975 - 1979 | 1980s+ |

2. Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism
(1939 - 1945)

Abstract Expressionism1800-1938 | 1939-1945 | 1946-1959 | 1960-1969 | 1970 - end

(Click on a year or highlighted event)


1939: The Surrealist Invasion Begins

Philip Guston paints a mural for the 1939 World's Fair.
Barnett Newman becomes interested in botany.
Joseph Hirshhorn runs an art collectors club.
Clement Greenberg becomes an editor at Partisan Review.
"Figure Paintings" at the Marie Harriman Gallery.
"Picasso before 1910" exhibition at the Perls Gallery.
Defeat of the Coffee-Pepper bill.
Jackson Pollock sees another psychiatrist.
The WPA Federal Art Project begins laying off artists.
Arshile Gorky finishes his mural for the World's Fair.
Jackson Pollock is investigated.
The World's Fair opens.
"Art in Our Time: 10th Anniversary Exhibition" at the new location of the Museum of Modern Art - Roosevelt speaks.
The Museum of Non-Objective Art opens - financed by Simon Guggenheim and run by his mistress, Hilla Rebay.
Wolfgang Paalen emigrates from France.
Picasso's Guernica is exhibited at the Valentine Dudensing Gallery.
Arshile Gorky becomes an American citizen.
Franz Kline celebrates his 29th birthday at the opera.
Franz Kline paints a backdrop for a fortune teller.
Dr. Theodore J. Edlich, Jr. visits Franz Kline in his studio and commissions work.
Peggy Guggenheim closes Guggenheim Jeune.
The Federal Art Project is reorganized as the WPA art program.
Mark Rothko and his wife stay at Trout Lake, New York.
Gordon Onslow Ford rents a chateau in Chemillieu, France.
Arshile Gorky and Willem de Kooning visit Balcomb Greene in Fishkill.
Adolph Gottlieb paints Surrealist sea still-lifes.
400 writers, artists and intellectuals publish a petition in favour of Soviet Union.
The WPA drops Mark Rothko.
Hitler and Stalin sign the Russo-German pact.
Mark Rothko and David Smith end their friendship.
"Avant Garde and Kitsch" by Clement Greenberg is published.
Germany invades Poland - Arshile Gorky criticizes Hitler .
Mark Rothko sketches Joseph Liss.
France and Great Britain declare war on Germany.
Soviet troops invade Poland. Leonore Gallant visits Arshile Gorky's sister, Vartoosh, in Chicago.
Kurt Seligmann arrives in the United States.
Yves Tanguy arrives in New York.
Matta arrives in New York.
Last exhibition of The Ten.
United States passes the Neutrality Act.
"Picasso: Forty Years of His Art" exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art.
The Soviet Union invades Finland - Milton Avery, Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb sign a petition.

1940: Paris Falls

Mark Rothko separates.
Barnett Newman stops painting.
Miró at the Matisse Gallery.
Joseph Hirshhorn buys forty paintings from MIlton Avery.
Joop Sanders meets Willem de Kooning.
Franz Kline gets evicted.
Marcus Rothkowitz exhibits as Mark Rothko for the first time.
Nicholas Calas arrives in New York.
Willem de Kooning sells some paintings - for $10.
David Smith and Dorothy Dehner move to Bolton Landing.
Willem de Kooning's drawings appear in Harper's Bazaar.
First issue of New York Artist is published.
Barnett Newman painting is exhibited by the Art Teachers Association at the ACA Gallery.
William Baziotes meets Matta.
The American Artists' Congress fails to condemn the invasion of Finland - Stuart Davis, Adolph Gottlieb and Meyer Schapiro resign.
Adolph Gottlieb exhibits his Arizona paintings at Hugh Stix's Artists' Gallery.
Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
The New York Times announces the resignation of American Artists' Congress members.
The American Abstract Artists picket the Museum of Modern Art.
Pavel Tchelitchew and Matta exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery.
Arshile Gorky meets Matta.
Germany invades the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
The Battle of France begins.
Germany firebombs de Kooning's place of birth - Rotterdam.
Jackson Pollock is dropped from the WPA.
Stanley William Hayter arrives in the United States.
Gordon Onslow Ford arrives in New York.
Helen Marot dies.
Manuel Tolegian ends his friendship with Jackson Pollock after rock throwing incident.
Jackson Pollock observes José Clemente Orozco at work.
Italy declares war on Great Britain and France.
Paris is occupied by German troops.
The Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors is founded by Mark Rothko, Meyer Schapiro, Adolph Gottlieb and others.
The Emergency Rescue Committee is launched in New York.
Arshile Gorky is rejected for a Guggenheim grant.
Varian Fry arrives in Marseilles to oversee the Emergency Rescue Committee.
Membership of the Museum of Modern Art increases to 7,309.
Franz Kline vacations in Massachusetts.
André Breton writes to Kurt Seligmann regarding exit visas.
Franz Kline begins work on Bleecker Street Tavern murals.
Yves Tanguy marries Kay Sage.
Franz Kline wins a Whitney Museum prize.
Philip Guston is investigated over Work and Play.
The first issue of View magazine is published.
Robert Motherwell enrolls in Columbia University.
Jackson Pollock's analyst moves to San Francisco.
Jackson Pollock befriends John Graham.
Varian Fry and staff are housed at the Château "Hoping-for-Visa."
Kay Sage wires Peggy Guggenheim in Grenoble for help.
Piet Mondrian arrives in New York.
Barnett Newman teaches silkscreening.
Jackson Pollock is rehired for the WPA.
Jackson Pollock registers for the draft.
An organizational meeting of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors takes place.
Buy American Art week is held.
"On the Fall of Paris" by Harold Rosenberg is published.
Jackson Pollock, Gerome Kamrowski and William Baziotes drip paint.

1941: World War II and Myths

Essays on a Science of Mythology by Carl Jung and Karl (Károly) Kerényi is published.
Richard Pousette Dart paints Symphony No. 1, the Transcendental.
Mark Rothko moves to 28th Street.
Franz Kline moves to Hudson Street.
Jackson Pollock observes sand painting at "Indian Art of the United States" at the Museum of Modern Art.
Gordon Onslow Ford lectures on Surrealism at the New School.
Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko paint myths.
Arshile Gorky meets Agnes Magruder.
The Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors begins a series of annuals.
Twelve Jackson Pollocks are destroyed.
"New Acquisitions: American Painting and Sculpture" at The Museum of Modern Art - includes Arshile Gorky's Argula.
André Breton emigrates from France.
André Masson emigrates from France.
John Graham solo exhibition at the Artists Gallery.
Mark Rothko complains about the Artists' Coordinating Committee at a meeting of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors.
Yves Tanguy and Kay Sage move to Woodbury, Connecticut.
Arshile Gorkys' wife-to-be Agnes Magruder marches under the banner of the Chinese Communists.
Marc Chagall emigrates from France.
André Masson arrives in the United States.
Jackson Pollock undergoes a psychiatric examination to determine his eligibility for military service.
Robert Motherwell travels to Mexico with Matta.
André Breton arrives in the United States.
Adolph Gottlieb begins painting Pictographs.
Barnett Newman and his wife move to 343 East 19th Street.
Barnett Newman's wife gets a master's degree in education from New York University.
Barnett Newman and his wife take classes at Cornell University.
Philip Guston paints Martial Memory.
Germany invades the Soviet Union.
Paul Klee exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
The Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors discuss Esthetics.
Peggy Guggenheim and Max Ernst arrive in the United States from Lisbon.
Gordon Onslow Ford and Jacqueline Johnson move to Mexico.
Philip Guston moves from Woodstock to Iowa.
The Seligmann's stay in Londonderry, Vermont.
Arshile Gorky solo exhibiton at the San Francisco Museum of Art.
A letter by Samuel Kootz is published in the New York Times about the future of American painting: "we are on our own."
An article appears in The New York Sun with Gorky's comments about his abstract Riviera Club murals.
Art by soldiers in Army Camps at Contemporary Arts.
Arshile Gorky marries Agnes Magruder.
"New Acquisition: Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night" at The Museum of Modern Art.
Arshile Gorky and Agnes visit Chicago.
Lee Krasner meets Jackson Pollock.
"Directions of American Painting" at the Carnegie Institute.
Arshile Gorky teaches camouflage with the help of Frederick Keisler.
Arshile Gorky and Agnes visit Agnes' parents in Philadelphia.
Surrealist issue of View magazine - includes interview with Breton and Matta drawings.
J. Edgar Hoover writes to the NY office about the American Artists Congress.
The Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors search for Patrons."Annual Exhibition of Paintings by Artists under Forty" at the Whitney - includes Arshile Gorky's Garden in Sochi.
The Atlantic Charter is announced.
Joan Miró and Salvador Dali exhibitions at The Museum of Modern Art.
Arshile Gorky views Matta.
Great Britain declares war with Finland, Rumania and Hungary.
The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor - Barnett Newman and Adolph Gottlieb comment .
Industrial camouflage exhibition at the Advertising Club.
Robert Motherwell returns to New York from Mexico.
The Artists' Societies for National Defense meet.
The Hays buy a Rothko myth painting.

1942: Isolationist Art vs. The New Internationalism

Adolph Gottlieb serves as Vice-President of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors.
Robert Motherwell marries Maria Emilia Ferreira y Moyers.
Barnett Newman asks "What about Isolationist Art?"
Barnett Newman applies for conscientious objector status.
Artists' Council for Victory is formed.
Jackson Pollock shows Birth in "American and French Paintings" exhibition at McMillen Inc.
"Americans 1942: 18 Artists from 9 States" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
Macy's art exhibition - includes Rothko myth paintings.
The Federal Art Project becomes part of the War Services Program.
"U.S. Army Illustrators of Fort Custer, Michigan" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
André Breton works for the Voice of America.
Life magazine publishes a drawing by Willem de Kooning in a tobacco advertisement.
"Artists in Exile" exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York.
Matta has his first solo exhibition in the U.S. at the Pierre Matisse Gallery.
André Breton discusses myths in the Max Ernst issue of View magazine.
James Johnson Sweeney visits Jackson Pollock's studio.
Jackson Pollock's mother visits Jackson and Sande in New York.
Wolfgang Paalen launches Dyn - and 'resigns' from Surrealists.
Franz Kline exhibits at the National of Academy of Design's Annual Exhibition.
Harold Rosenberg writes about myth in the Tanguy/Tchelitchew issue of View magazine.
Alexander Calder exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery.
Second annual exhibition of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors at the Wildenstein Galleries.
The Museum of Modern Art acquires Arshile Gorky's Garden in Sochi (1941).
"Art Sale for the Armed Services" at The Museum of Modern Art.
Julien Levy closes gallery and serves in the Army.
"Road to Victory" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
Peggy Guggenheim publishes a catalogue of her collection - includes Breton essay.
The first issue of VVV magazine is published.
Max Ernst drips.
Franz Kline works for the Army.
Robert Motherwell spends the summer in Provincetown, Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
Arshile Gorky visits his in-laws in Washington, D.C.
Jackson Pollock stops seeing Dr. Violet de Laszlo.
Arshile Gorky sketches a waterfall in Connecticut.
Peggy Guggenheim stays in in Cape Cod - Max Ernst drips.
Marcel Duchamp arrives in New York.
Arshile Gorky's wife, Agnes finds out she is pregnant - and is painted by Raphael Soyer.
"New Rugs by American Artists" exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art includes Gorky rug.
Arshile Gorky receives his draft papers.
"Camouflage for Civilian Defense" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
Lee Krasner moves in with Jackson Pollock.
Robert Motherwell meets Jackson Pollock.
Matta practices automatism with Abstract Expressionists.
Arshile Gorky applies unsuccessfully for a job at Brookline College, Massachusetts.
Lee Krasner and Jackson Pollock study sheet metal.
Marc Chagall exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery.
Mark Rothko's wife's jewelry appears in Vogue magazine.
The "First Papers of Surrealism" auction/exhibition is held at the Whitelaw Reid mansion on Madison Avenue.
Art Exhibition for the Benefit of Armenian War Relief at the Art Students' League.
Peggy Guggenheim opens Art of this Century.
Franz Kline and wife move to 23 Christopher Street (top floor).
Howard Putzel writes to Onslow Ford about Jackson Pollock.
"Twentieth Century Portraits" exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art - includes Jackson Pollock.
"Artists for Victory" exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
"Adolph Gottlieb: Paintings" at the Artists Gallery.

1943: Search for a Symbol

Being and Nothingness by Jean Paul Sartre is published in France.
Katherine Dreier loans Duchamp's The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (or The Large Glass) to the Museum of Modern Art.
André Breton excommunicates Kurt Seligmann and André Masson.
Jacqueline Lamba and André Breton split up.
Robert Motherwell's father dies.
Philip Guston and wife have a daughter.
Mark Rothko meets Sidney Janis.
Robert Motherwell makes his first collages.
Barnett Newman meets Betty Parsons.
Barnett Newman writes "The Plasmic Image."
Matta and his wife, Anne (Alpert), have dinner with the Gorkys.
Helena Rubinstein goes on a buying spree at the Bignou Gallery.
Lee Krasner is dismissed from the WPA.
"Exhibition by 31 Women" opens at Art of This Century - includes Gypsy Rose Lee and Kay Sage.
"Four American Artists" at the Riverside Museum - includes Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb.
Jackson Pollock is dismissed from the WPA.
Franz Kline and Elizabeth move to 150 West 4th Street.
Jackson Pollock gets a job at Creative Printmakers on 18th Street.
"Americans 1943: Realists and Magic-Realists" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
"New York Artist-Painters" exhibition - includes Rothko's myth paintings and catalogue text by Barnett Newman.
Franz Kline wins a prize at the 117th Annual Exhibition of the National Academy of Design.
Fernand Léger arrives in New York.
Klaus Mann attacks Surrealism in the American Mercury.
Max Ernst leaves Peggy Guggenheim.
Matta contributes to double issue of André Breton's VVV magazine.
"Early and Late" exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery.
The Norlyst Gallery opens.
David Burliuk introduces Arshile Gorky to Joseph Hirshhorn.
Max Ernst leaves Peggy Guggenheim.
New Frontiers in American Painting by Samuel Kootz is published.
"Collages" exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century.
Arshile Gorky's daughter, Maro, is born. Matta,
Drawings exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery.
Peggy Guggenheim scouts young talent - including Jackson Pollock.
Jackson Pollock exhibits Collage at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century.
Max Ernst, Drawings exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery.
Jackson Pollock works at The Museum of Non-Objective Painting at 24 East 54th Street.
"This Century's Spring Salon of Younger Artists" at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of the Century Gallery - includes Pollock, Motherwell and Matta.
Arshile Gorky, Agnes and daughter Maro travel to the Magruders' Virginia farm.
Willem de Kooning moves again.
Barnett Newman and wife visit Peabody museums.
Robert Motherwell spends his second summer in Provincetown.
Franz Kline serves as second lieutenant in the reserve corps at the Citizens' Military Training Camp, Fort Monroe.
Franz Kline meets Willem de Kooning at Conrad Marca-Relli's studio at 148 West Fourth Street.
Mark Rothko and his wife Edith separate permanently.
Mark Rothko meets Clyfford Still.
Mark Rothko meets Buffie Johnson.
Franz Kline is included in the inaugural exhibition of the Village Art Center.
Third exhibition by the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors takes place at the Wildenstein Gallery - Edward Alden Jewell vs. Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko.
Matta's wife, Anne, gives birth to twins.
Peggy Guggenheim visits Jackson Pollock in his studio.
The Federal Art Project of the WPA is disbanded.
Peggy Guggenheim offers Jackson Pollock a solo show, a contract and a mural commission.
Mark Rothko returns to New York.
Clement Greenberg meets Mark Rothko.
Jackson Pollock's first solo exhibition takes place at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century gallery.
Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko appear on WNYC radio.
"Romantic Painting in America" exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art.
"What about Modern Art and Democracy" by Stuart Davis is published in Harper's magazine.
The government auctions off WPA paintings.
Willem de Kooning marries Elaine Fried.

1944: Paris est libéré

Artists hang out at the Waldorf Cafeteria.
André Breton meets Elisa Claro (née Binhoff).
The Museum of Modern Art purchases Robert Motherwell's Pancho Villa, Dead and Alive.
Adolph Gottlieb serves as President of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors.
Jackson Pollock paints a mural for Peggy Guggenheim who later spreads a rumour that he urinated in her fireplace on the day of its installation.
Peggy Guggenheim introduces Mark Rothko to Betty Parsons.
Barnett Newman draws.
Barnett Newman meets Betty Parsons.
Clement Greenberg becomes the art critic for The Nation.
Barnett Newman gets published.
Piet Mondrian dies in New York.
Arshile Gorky meets André Breton.
Last issue of André Breton's VVV magazine.
Last issue of Dyn magazine.
"Interview with Jackson Pollock" by Robert Motherwell appears in Art and Architecture.
Robert Motherwell's review of Jackson Pollock's show at Art of This Century appears in Partisan Review.
Edith Sachar divorces Mark Rothko.
"Adolph Gottlieb Drawings" at the Wakefield Gallery, New York.
"Abstract and Surrealist Art in the United States" at the Cincinnati Art Museum - includes Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, Hans Hoffmann and Willem de Kooning.
Adolph Gottlieb exhibits at the Wakefield Gallery.
"First Exhibition: Hans Hofmann," at the Art of This Century Gallery.
Matta leaves Julien Levy for Pierre Matisse.
Arshile Gorky works on The Liver is the Cock's Comb.
"Five American Painters" appears in Harper's Bazaar - includes Jackson Pollock, Milton Avery, Matta and Arshile Gorky.
Peggy Guggenheim notifies Jackson Pollock that The Museum of Modern Art purchased The She-Wolf.
Arshile Gorky returns to Virginia - Matta shows Gorky's wife his erotic drawings.
Barnett Newman organizes an exhibition at the Wakefield Gallery.
National Academy's 118th Annual Exhibition.
Eighth Annual Exhibition of the American Abstract Artists at the Mortimer Brandt Gallery at 15 E. 57th St.
"First Exhibition in America of Twenty Paintings" at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of the Century Gallery.
Peggy Guggenheim renews Jackson Pollock's contract for another year.
Thomas Hart Benton visits Jackson Pollock for the last time.
"Art in Progress: 15th Anniversary Exhibition" exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
Howard Putzel announces his departure from Art of This Century.
Barnett Newman and wife spend the summer in East Gloucester, Massachusetts.
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner rent a studio in Provincetown for the summer.
Article by Barnett Newman on Pre-Columbian art appears in La Revista Belga.
Clement Greenberg criticizes Surrealists.
Paris is liberated.
Jackson Pollock makes prints at Atelier 17.
André Breton stays in Canada.
Lee Krasner persuades Jackson Pollock to visit her homeopathic doctor Elizabeth Wright Hubbard.
First solo exhibition of work by Robert Motherwell at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century gallery.
The first book edited by Robert Motherwell of The Documents of Modern Art series is published.
The unemployment rate continues to decrease.
Picasso joins the French Communist Party (PCF).
Kay Sage solo exhibition at the Julien Levy gallery.
William Baziotes' first solo exhibition opens at Peggy Guggenheim's gallery, Art of This Century.
Arshile Gorky returns to New York from Virginia.
Abstract and Surrealist Art in America by Sidney Janis is published by Reynal and Hitchcock - Mark Rothko is labeled a Surrealist. Includes Pollock's The She Wolf.
Julien Levy becomes Arshile Gorky's dealer.
Arcane 17 is published.
"40 American Moderns" at Howard Putzel's 67 Gallery.

1945 (a): A Problem for Critics

Jean-Paul Sartre arrives in New York.
Barnett Newman finishes "The Plasmic Image."
Barnett Newman rents a studio on Mangin Street, off Houston Street in lower Manhattan.
Guggenheim Museum purchases 11 paintings and 1 gouache by Adolph Gottlieb.
Mark Rothko is included in the Whitney Annual.
Franz Kline and wife are evicted from 150 West Fourth Street.
Philip Guston has first solo exhibition.
Franz Kline paints The Synagogue.
Arshile Gorky subleases his New York studio and moves into David Hare's house in Roxbury, Connecticut.
Mark Rothko's first solo exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery.
Miró exhibition (Constellations) at the Pierre Matisse Gallery.
Willem de Kooning wins a competition.
"Personal Statement: Painting Prophecy, 1950" exhibition at the David Porter Gallery in Washington D.C. - includes Robert Motherwell, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Adolph Gottlieb and Willem de Kooning.
American and British planes firebomb Dresden.
Adolph Gottlieb at Howard Putzel's 67 Gallery (East 57th Street).
American Abstract Artists' Annual exhibition at the Riverside Museum in New York.
Matta solo exhibition at Pierre Matisse - large canvases and quasi-human figures.
Jackson Pollock solo exhibition at The Arts Club of Chicago.
Arshile Gorky's first solo show at the Julien Levy gallery: Breton writes "Eye-Spring" essay for catalogue.
André Breton and Elisa Claro spend a weekend with the Gorkys in Roxbury.
Adolph Gottlieb one-man show at the 67 Gallery in New York.
"European Artists in America" exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art - includes Kurt Seligmann, Marc Chagall, Fernand Leger, Matta, Marcel Duchamp, Andre Breton.
Jackson Pollock's second solo show at Art of This Century - nothing sells.
Piet Mondrian retrospective at The Museum of Modern Art.
Franz Kline exhibits again at the National Academy Annual.
Mark Rothko marries Mary Alice ("Mell") Beistle in Linden, New Jersey.
Mark Rothko exhibition at the Mortimer Brandt Gallery.
Robert Motherwell spends the spring with William Baziotes in Florida.
The Battle of Okinawa begins.
Barnett and Annalee Newman learn of the deportation of Annalee's relatives in France.
The Samuel Kootz gallery opens.
Robert Motherwell signs a five year exclusive contract with the Samuel Kootz Gallery.
Harry Truman becomes President of the United States.
Combat magazine reports on Buchwald. Germany surrenders.
"A Problem for Critics" exhibition at Howard Putzel's 67 Gallery - includes Lee Krasner, Mark Rothko, Matta, Jackson Pollock, Arshile Gorky, Adolph Gottlieb.
Robert Motherwell teaches at Black Mountain College, North Carolina.
Wolfgang Paalen stays with Robert Motherwell.
Clyfford Still shows Mark Rothko 1944-G and 1945-H.

1945 (b): Bye-Bye Breton

Franz Kline completes murals for a Spanish nightclub.
A Rothko watercolour appears in the Sunday edition of the New York Times - Rothko responds to criticism by Edward Alden Jewell.
A letter from Adolph Gottlieb appears in the New York Times.
Mark Rothko lives at 1288 6th Avenue, between 51st and 52nd Street.
André Breton and Elisa Claro are married in Reno.
Barnett Newman in Provincetown.
Little Boy is dropped on Hiroshima.
Howard Putzel dies of a heart attack.
Arshile Gorky's wife, Agnes, gives birth to their second daughter, Natasha.
Fat Man explodes over Nagasaki.
Art News publishes "Second Season of the Picture Boom."
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner stay with Reuben and Barbara Kadish in East Hampton.
Philip Guston is offered a teaching job at Washington University, St. Louis - and hangs out with William Inge.
Autumn Salon at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century.
Arshile Gorky and his family leave the Hare house and move in with Jean and Henry Hebbeln - the Glass House.
Arshile Gorky is diagnosed with haemorrhoids.
The Japanese surrender. World War II ends.
Betty Parsons begins running the contemporary art section of the Mortimer Brandt Gallery.
Franz Kline and wife move to Brooklyn.
Elaine de Kooning sails to Provincetown with Bill Hardy.
The Autumn Salon at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century includes Robert Motherwell, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Adolph Gottlieb and Clyfford Still.
Willem de Kooning doesn't sell.
Philip Guston wins first prize at the annual Carnegie show.
Lee Krasner marries Jackson Pollock.
Surrealism and Painting by André Breton is published - includes "Eye-Spring" Gorky essay.
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner move to the Springs in East Hampton.
Matta has a farewell dinner for André Breton - Gorky attends.
Jackson Pollock's family visits him.
Willem De Kooning is evicted.
Franz Kline and wife move from Brooklyn to 148 West Fourth Street.
Arshile Gorky's Christmas.
André Breton departs for Haiti.
The 120th Annual Exhibition at the National Academy of Design opens - Franz Kline shows Green Night.

to page three

abstract expressionism

| 1800-1899 | 1900-1909 | 1910-1919 | 1920-1924 | 1925-1927 | 1928-1929 | 1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939 |
| 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 (a) | 1945 (b) | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 (a) | 1948 (b) | 1949 | 1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954 | 1955 |
| 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970-1974 | 1975 - 1979 | 1980s+ |